Football club Borussia Dortmund Full name Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e. V. Dortmund Nickname(s) Die Borussen Die Schwarzgelben (The Black and Yellows) Der BVB (The BVB) Short name BVB Founded 19 December 1909 ; 112 years ago ( 1909-12-19) Ground Westfalenstadion Capacity 81,365 [1] President Reinhard Rauball CEO Hans-Joachim Watzke Head coach Marco Rose League Bundesliga 2020–21 Dortmund, 3rd of 18 Website Club website Third/Cup away colours Current season Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.

V. Dortmund, commonly known as Borussia Dortmund ( German pronunciation: dortmund ˈdɔɐ̯tmʊnt] ( listen)), [2] BVB ( pronounced [beːfaʊ̯ˈbeː] ( listen)), or simply Dortmund ( pronounced [ˈdɔʁtmʊnt] ( listen)), is a German professional sports club dortmund in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia.

It is best known for its men's professional football team, which plays in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. The club have won eight league championships, five DFB-Pokals, one UEFA Champions League, one Intercontinental Cup, and one UEFA Cup Winners' Cup.

Founded in 1909 by eighteen football players from Dortmund, the football team is part of a large membership-based sports club with more than 145,000 members, [3] making Borussia Dortmund the dortmund largest sports club by membership in Germany.


The club has active departments in other sports, namely in women's handball. Since 1974, Dortmund have played their home games at Westfalenstadion; the stadium is the largest in Germany, dortmund Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any association football club in the world. [4] Borussia Dortmund's colours are black and yellow, giving the club its nickname die Schwarzgelben.

[5] [6] They hold a long-standing rivalry with Ruhr dortmund Schalke 04, with whom they contest the Revierderby. They also contest Der Klassiker with Bayern Munich. Dortmund terms of Deloitte's annual Football Money League, Dortmund was in 2015 ranked as the second richest sports club in Germany, dortmund the 12th richest football team in the world.

[7] Moreover, under dortmund directorship of Michael Zorc in the 2010s, Dortmund have cultivated a reputation for spotting and developing young talent, and have remained focused on developing a youth system. [8] They have also received plaudits for generally adhering to an attacking footballing philosophy.

[9] Contents • 1 History • 1.1 Foundation and early years • 1.2 First national titles • 1.3 Bundesliga debut • 1.4 Golden age – the 1990s • 1.5 21st century and Borussia "goes public" • 1.6 Return to prominence • 1.7 Post-Klopp era • 2 Crest • 3 Grounds • 3.1 Stadiums • 3.2 Training ground • 4 Organisation and finance • 4.1 Current management and board • 5 Kits and sponsorship • 5.1 Sponsors • 6 Charity • 7 Players • 7.1 Current squad • 7.2 Out on loan • 7.3 Reserves and academy • 7.4 Club captains • 8 Non-playing staff • 8.1 Head coaches • 9 Records • 10 Honours • 10.1 Domestic • 10.2 European • 10.3 International • 10.4 UEFA club coefficient ranking • 10.5 Regional • 11 Affiliated clubs • 12 See also • 13 References • 14 External links History Foundation and early years Borussia Dortmund in 1913 The club was founded on 19 December 1909 dortmund a group of young men unhappy with the Catholic church-sponsored Trinity Youth, where they played football under the stern and unsympathetic eye of dortmund local parish priest.

The priest, Father Dewald was blocked at the door when he tried to break up the organising meeting being held in a room of the local pub, Zum Wildschütz. The founders were Franz and Paul Braun, Henry Cleve, Hans Debest, Paul Dziendzielle, Franz, Julius and Wilhelm Jacobi, Hans Kahn, Gustav Müller, Franz Risse, Fritz Schulte, Hans Siebold, August Tönnesmann, Heinrich and Robert Unger, Fritz Weber and Franz Wendt.

Dortmund name Borussia is Dortmund for Prussia but was taken from Borussia beer from the nearby Borussia brewery in Dortmund.

[10] The team began playing in blue and white striped shirts with a red sash, and black shorts. In 1913, they donned the black and yellow stripes so familiar today. Over the next decades the club enjoyed only modest success playing in local leagues. They had a brush with bankruptcy in 1929 when an attempt to boost the club's fortunes by signing some paid professional footballers failed miserably and left the team deep in debt.

They survived only through the generosity of a local supporter who covered the team's shortfall out of dortmund own pocket. The 1930s dortmund the rise of the Third Reich, which restructured sports and football organisations throughout the nation to suit the regime's goals. Borussia's president was replaced when he refused to join the Nazi Party, and a couple of members who surreptitiously used the club's offices to produce anti-Nazi pamphlets were executed in dortmund last days of the war.

The club did have greater success in the newly established Gauliga Westfalen, but would have to wait until after World War II to make a breakthrough. It was during this time that Borussia developed its intense rivalry with Schalke 04 of suburban Gelsenkirchen, the most successful side of dortmund era (see Revierderby). Like every other organisation in Germany, Borussia dortmund dissolved by the Allied occupation authorities after the war in an attempt to distance the country's institutions from its so-recent Nazi past.

There was a short-lived attempt to merge the club with two others – Werksportgemeinschaft Hoesch and Freier Sportverein 98 – as Sportgemeinschaft Borussia von 1898, but it was as Ballspiel-Verein Borussia ( BVB) that they made dortmund first appearance in the national league final in 1949, where they lost 2–3 to VfR Mannheim. [ citation needed] First national titles Historical chart of Borussia Dortmund league performance after WWII Between 1946 and 1963, Borussia featured in the Oberliga West, a first division league which dominated German football through the late 1950s.

In 1949, Borussia reached the final in Stuttgart against VfR Mannheim, which they lost dortmund after extra time. The club claimed its first national title in 1956 with a 4–2 win against Karlsruher SC.

One year later, Borussia defeated Hamburger SV 4–1 to win their second national title. After this coup, the three Alfredos ( Dortmund Preißler, Alfred Kelbassa and Alfred Niepieklo) were legends in Dortmund.

In 1963, Borussia won the last edition of the German Football Championship (before the introduction of the new Bundesliga) to secure their third national title. Bundesliga debut In 1962, the DFB met in Dortmund and voted to establish a professional football league in Germany, to begin play in August 1963 as the Bundesliga. Borussia Dortmund earned its place among the first sixteen clubs to play dortmund the league by winning the last pre-Bundesliga national championship.

Runners-up 1. FC Köln also earned an automatic berth. Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka scored the first-ever Bundesliga goal a minute into the match, which they would eventually lose 2–3 to Werder Bremen. In 1965, Dortmund captured dortmund first DFB-Pokal. In 1966, Dortmund won the European Cup Winners' Cup 2–1 against Liverpool in extra time, with the goals coming from Sigfried Held and Reinhard Libuda.

In the same year, dortmund, the team surrendered a commanding position atop the Dortmund by losing four of their last five league games and finishing second, three points behind champions 1860 München.

Ironically, much of 1860 München's success came on the strength of the play of Konietzka, recently transferred from Dortmund. The 1970s were characterised by financial problems, relegation from the Bundesliga in 1972, and the opening of the Westfalenstadion, named after its home region Westphalia in 1974.

The club earned its return to Bundesliga in 1976. Dortmund continued to dortmund financial dortmund through the 1980s. BVB avoided being relegated in 1986 by winning a third decisive playoff game against Fortuna Köln after finishing the regular season in 16th place.

Dortmund did not enjoy any significant success again until a 4–1 DFB-Pokal win in 1989 against Werder Bremen. It was Horst Köppel's first trophy as a manager. Dortmund then won the 1989 DFL-Supercup 4–3 against rivals Bayern Munich.


Golden age – the 1990s After a tenth-place finish in the Bundesliga in 1991, manager Horst Köppel was let go and manager Ottmar Hitzfeld was hired. In 1992, Hitzfeld led Borussia Dortmund to a second-place finish in the Bundesliga and would have won the title had VfB Stuttgart not won their last game to become champions instead.

Along with a fourth-place finish in the Bundesliga, Dortmund made it to the 1993 UEFA Cup final, which they lost 6–1 on aggregate to Juventus. In spite of this result, Borussia walked away with DM25 million under the prize money pool system in place dortmund the time for German sides participating in the Cup.

Cash flush, Dortmund was able to sign players who later brought them numerous honours in the 1990s. Under the captaincy of 1996 European Footballer of the Year Matthias Sammer, Borussia Dortmund won back-to-back Bundesliga titles in 1995 and 1996. Dortmund also won the DFL-Supercup against Mönchengladbach in 1995 and 1. FC Kaiserslautern in 1996. In 1996–97 the dortmund reached its first European Cup final.

In a memorable match at the Olympiastadion in Munich, Dortmund faced the holders Juventus. Karl-Heinz Riedle put Dortmund dortmund, shooting under goalkeeper Angelo Peruzzi from a cross by Paul Lambert. Riedle then made it two with a bullet header from a dortmund kick. In the second half, Alessandro Del Piero pulled one back for Juventus with a back heel. Then 20-year-old substitute and local boy Lars Ricken latched onto a through pass by Andreas Möller. Only 16 seconds after coming on to the pitch, Ricken chipped Peruzzi in the Juventus goal from over 20 yards out with his first touch of the ball.

With Zinedine Zidane unable to make an impression for Juventus against the close marking of Lambert, [11] [12] [13] Dortmund lifted the trophy with a 3–1 victory. Dortmund then went on to beat Brazilian club Cruzeiro 2–0 in the 1997 Intercontinental Cup Final to become world club champions. [14] Borussia Dortmund were the second German club to win the Intercontinental Cup, after Bayern Munich in 1976.

[15] As defending champions Dortmund reached the Champions League semi-final in 1998. The team was missing key players from the start of the season when they played Real Madrid in the '98 semi. Sammer's career was cut short by injury and only played three first team games after the Champions League dortmund.

Lambert had left in November to return to play in Scotland. Möller missed the first leg as did Kohler who missed both games in the tie. Real won the first leg 2–0 at home. Dortmund played better in the second leg but failed to take their chances. Dortmund went dortmund 2–0 on aggregate.


{INSERTKEYS} [16] 21st century and Borussia "goes public" Borussia Dortmund in 2007 In October 2000, Borussia Dortmund became the first publicly traded club on the German stock market. [17] In 2002, Borussia Dortmund won their third Bundesliga title. Dortmund had a remarkable run at the end of the season to overtake Bayer Leverkusen, securing the title on the final day.

Manager Matthias Sammer became the first person in Borussia Dortmund history to win the Bundesliga as both a player and manager. [18] In the same season, Borussia lost the final of the 2001–02 UEFA Cup to Dutch side Feyenoord.

Dortmund's fortunes then steadily declined for a number of years. Poor financial management led to a heavy debt load and the sale of their Westfalenstadion grounds. The situation was compounded by failure to advance in the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League, when the team was eliminated on penalties in the qualifying rounds by Club Brugge.

In 2003, Bayern Munich loaned €2 million to Dortmund for several months to pay their payroll. Borussia was again driven to the brink of bankruptcy in 2005, the original €11 value of its shares having plummeted by over 80% on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. At this time Hans-Joachim Watzke was appointed CEO and streamlined the club.

The response to the crisis included a 20% pay cut for all players. [19] In 2006, in order to reduce debt, the Westfalenstadion was renamed "Signal Iduna Park" after a local insurance company. The naming rights agreement runs until 2021. Dortmund suffered a miserable start to the 2005–06 season, but rallied to finish seventh.

The club failed to gain a place in the UEFA Cup via the Fair Play draw. The club's management recently indicated that the club again showed a profit; this was largely related to the sale of David Odonkor to Real Betis and Tomáš Rosický to Arsenal.

In the 2006–07 season, Dortmund unexpectedly faced serious relegation trouble for the first time in years. Dortmund went through three coaches and appointed Thomas Doll on 13 March 2007 after dropping to just one point above the relegation zone. Christoph Metzelder also left Borussia Dortmund on a free transfer. In the 2007–08 season, Dortmund lost to many smaller Bundesliga clubs. Despite finishing 13th in the Bundesliga table, Dortmund reached the DFB-Pokal Final against Bayern Munich, where they lost 2–1 in extra time.

The final appearance qualified Dortmund for the UEFA Cup because Bayern already qualified for the Champions League. Thomas Doll resigned on 19 May 2008 and was replaced by Jürgen Klopp. Return to prominence Borussia Dortmund players celebrate winning the Bundesliga in 2011 In the 2009–10 season, Klopp's Dortmund improved on the season before to finish fifth in the Bundesliga to qualify for the UEFA Europa League. The team missed an opportunity to qualify for the Champions League by failing to beat eighth-place VfL Wolfsburg and 14th-place SC Freiburg in the final two matches of the campaign.

Entering the 2010–11 season, Dortmund fielded a young and vibrant roster. On 4 December 2010, Borussia became Herbstmeister ("Autumn Champion"), an unofficial accolade going to the league leader at the winter break.

They did this three matches before the break, sharing the record for having achieved this earliest with Eintracht Frankfurt (1993–94) and 1. FC Kaiserslautern (1997–98). [20] On 30 April 2011, the club beat 1.

FC Nürnberg 2–0 at home, while second-place Bayer Leverkusen lost, leaving Dortmund eight points clear with two games to play. This championship equalled the seven national titles held by rivals Schalke 04, and guaranteed a spot in the 2011–12 Champions League group stages.

[21] One year later, Dortmund made a successful defence of its Bundesliga title with a win over Borussia Mönchengladbach, again on the 32nd match day. By the 34th and final match day, Dortmund set a new record with the most points—81—ever gained by a club in one Bundesliga season.

[22] [23] This was surpassed the following season by Bayern Munich's 91 points. [24] The club's eighth championship places it third in total national titles, and players will now wear two stars over their uniform crest in recognition of the team's five Bundesliga titles. Notable names from the winning roster include Lucas Barrios, Mario Götze, Neven Subotić, Mats Hummels, Robert Lewandowski, Shinji Kagawa, Łukasz Piszczek, Jakub Błaszczykowski, Kevin Großkreutz, Ivan Perišić and İlkay Gündoğan.

The club capped its successful 2011–12 season by winning the double for the first time by beating Bayern 5–2 in the final of the DFB-Pokal. Borussia Dortmund are one of four German clubs to win the Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal double, along with Bayern Munich, 1.

FC Köln and Werder Bremen. [25] The club was voted Team of the Year 2011 at the annual Sportler des Jahres (German Sports Personality of the Year) awards.

Borussia Dortmund fans at Wembley Stadium during the 2013 Champions League Final Borussia Dortmund ended the 2012–13 season in second place in the Bundesliga.

Dortmund played in their second UEFA Champions League Final against Bayern Munich in the first ever all-German club final at Wembley Stadium on 25 May 2013, which they lost 2–1. [26] In the 2013–14 season, Borussia Dortmund won the 2013 DFL-Supercup 4–2 against rivals Bayern Munich. [27] The 2013–14 season started with a five-game winning streak for Dortmund, their best start to a season. Despite such a promising start, however, their season was hampered by injuries to several key players, seeing them stoop as low as fourth place in the table, and with a depleted squad could go only as far as the quarter-finals of the Champions League, losing 3–2 on aggregate to Real Madrid.

Nevertheless, Dortmund managed to end their season on a high note by finishing second in the Bundesliga and reaching the 2014 DFB-Pokal Final, losing 0–2 to Bayern in extra time. [28] They then began their 2014–15 season by defeating Bayern in the 2014 DFL-Supercup 2–0. However, this victory would not be enough to inspire the squad to a solid performance at the start of the ensuing season, with Dortmund recording various results such as a 0–1 loss to Hamburger SV and two 2–2 draws against VfB Stuttgart and Bundesliga newcomers Paderborn 07.

[29] During the winter, Dortmund fell to the bottom of the table on multiple occasions, but managed to escape the relegation zone after four consecutive wins in February. [30] On 15 April 2015, Jürgen Klopp announced that after seven years, he would be leaving Dortmund. [31] Four days later, Dortmund announced that Thomas Tuchel would replace Klopp at the end of the season.

[32] Klopp's final season, however, ended on high note, rising and finishing seventh after facing relegation, gaining a DFB-Pokal final with VfL Wolfsburg and qualifying for the 2015–16 Europa League. Post-Klopp era In the 2015–16 season, Dortmund started off on a high, winning 4–0 against Borussia Mönchengladbach on the opening day, followed by five-straight wins which took them to the top of the Bundesliga.

After the eighth matchday, they were surpassed by Bayern Munich following an unlucky draw with 1899 Hoffenheim. [33] [34] Dortmund kept their performances up, winning 24 out of 34 league games and becoming the best Bundesliga runner-up team of all time.

[35] In the Europa League, they advanced to the quarter-finals, getting knocked out by a Jürgen Klopp-led Liverpool in a dramatic comeback at Anfield, where defender Dejan Lovren scored a late goal to make it 4–3 to the Reds and 5–4 on aggregate. [36] In the 2015–16 DFB-Pokal, for the third-straight year Dortmund made it to the competition final, but lost to Bayern Munich on penalties. [37] On 11 April 2017, three explosions occurred near the team's bus on its way to a Champions League match against AS Monaco at the Signal Iduna Park.

Defender Marc Bartra was injured, and taken to hospital. [38] [39] Dortmund went on to lose the game 2–3 to AS Monaco. Dortmund's manager, Thomas Tuchel, blamed the loss as a result of an ignorant decision by UEFA. UEFA went on to say that the team made no objection to playing, and that the decision was made in compliance with the club and local law enforcement.

[40] In the second leg, Dortmund went on to lose 1–3, leaving the aggregate score at 3–6, and seeing them eliminated from that year's UEFA Champions League.

On 26 April, Dortmund defeated Bayern Munich 3–2 in Munich to advance to the 2017 DFB-Pokal Final, Dortmund's fourth consecutive final and fifth in six seasons. On 27 May, Dortmund won the 2016–17 DFB-Pokal 2–1 over Eintracht Frankfurt with the winner coming from a penalty converted by Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang.

[41] Ahead of the 2017–18 season, Thomas Tuchel stepped down as manager. The Dortmund board made a decision to hire Peter Bosz as the new manager and head coach. Although Bosz got off to a record-breaking start in the team's first 7 games, what followed was 20 games without a win, after which he was relieved of his staff role.

[42] Peter Stöger was announced as the interim coach. [43] During the January window of the same season, Aubameyang and Bartra both left the club. [44] [45] Stöger bought Manuel Akanji of FC Basel for a fee of €21.5 million and Michy Batshuayi on a six-month loan from Chelsea.

[46] [47] Stöger coached Dortmund for the rest of the season, granting them a fourth-place finish in the Bundesliga before stepping down at the end of the season. [48] Michy Batshuayi also returned to Chelsea. In the summer of 2018, Dortmund appointed former OGC Nice coach, Lucien Favre as their manager/head coach. After a very busy transfer window for the team, seeing eight new players arrive at the club for the first team squad, Dortmund performed strongly, chasing Bayern Munich for the title race down to the last matchday, narrowly missing out on the league title by two points and earning Lucien Favre a contract extension.

A four-part Amazon Prime Video documentary series was created, about the same season, named "Inside Borussia Dortmund". The next season, Dortmund pulled off a few big-name signings with the intent of winning the Bundesliga title. Although they won the DFL Supercup, this was their only silverware this season.

After a scrappy first half of the season, they changed their tactics and made a few more transfers in the January Window. They were eliminated in both the DFB-Pokal and the UEFA Champions League as well. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany, the season stopped abruptly. Once the restart occurred, Dortmund looked better but their performances were not enough to stop a dominant Bayern Munich side from grasping the Bundesliga title.

They finished the 2019–20 season in second place after beating RB Leipzig in matchweek 33 due to a brace from Erling Haaland. Dortmund got off to a rather shaky start in the 2020–21 season. They lost the DFL-Supercup and had an inconsistent set of results in the Champions League and the Bundesliga.

After a humiliating 5–1 defeat to Stuttgart in Matchday 11, Lucien Favre was relieved of his managerial duties. Assistant manager Edin Terzić was placed as the caretaker for the rest of the season.

Under Terzić, Dortmund finished third on the final matchday of the Bundesliga and was eliminated in the quarter-finals of the Champions League in a clash against Manchester City. The team then managed to win the DFB-Pokal, defeating RB Leipzig 4–1 in the final. Marco Rose was appointed manager for the 2021–22 season with Terzić being appointed as the club's new technical director. [49] Crest • The Borusseum, a museum about Borussia Dortmund Stadiums The Westfalenstadion is the home stadium of Borussia Dortmund, Germany's largest stadium and the seventh-largest in Europe.

[50] The stadium is officially named "Signal Iduna Park" after insurance company Signal Iduna purchased the rights to name the stadium until 2021. [51] This name, however, cannot be used when hosting FIFA and UEFA events, since these governing bodies have policies forbidding corporate sponsorship from companies that are not official tournament partners. During the 2006 World Cup, the stadium was referred to as "FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund", while in UEFA club matches, it is known as "BVB Stadion Dortmund".

The stadium currently hosts up to 81,359 spectators (standing and seated) for league matches and 65,829 seated spectators for international matches. [52] [53] For these, the characteristic southern grandstand is re-equipped with seats to conform to FIFA regulations. In 1974, the Westfalenstadion replaced the Stadion Rote Erde, which is located next door and serves now as the stadium of Borussia Dortmund II.

After the increasing popularity of Borussia Dortmund in the 1960s, it became obvious that the traditional ground was too small for the increasing number of Borussia Dortmund supporters. The city of Dortmund, however, was not able to finance a new stadium and federal institutions were unwilling to help. But in 1971, Dortmund was selected to replace the city of Cologne, which was forced to withdraw its plans to host games in the 1974 World Cup.

The funds originally set aside for the projected stadium in Cologne were thus re-allocated to Dortmund, and a new stadium became reality. The Westfalenstadion has undergone several renovations throughout the years to increase the size of the stadium, including an expansion of the stadium for the 2006 World Cup. In 2008, the Borusseum, a museum about Borussia Dortmund, opened in the stadium.

[54] In 2011, Borussia Dortmund agreed to a partnership with Q-Cells. The company installed 8,768 solar cells on the roof of the Westfalenstadion to generate up to 860,000 kWh per year. [55] Borussia Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any football club worldwide.

[56] In 2014, it was estimated that each of the club's home games is attended by around 1,000 British spectators, drawn to the team by its low ticket prices compared to the Premier League.

[57] Training ground Borussia Dortmund's training ground and Academy base Hohenbuschei is located in Brackel, a district of Dortmund. [58] Inside the complex, there are physical exercise training for physical fitness and rehabilitation robotics areas, physiotherapy and massage rooms, and remedial and hydrotherapy pools.

There are also sauna rooms, steam rooms and weight rooms, classrooms, conference halls, offices for the BVB front office, a restaurant, and a TV studio to interview the BVB professional footballers and coaching staff for BVB total!, the channel owned by the club. [59] On the grounds, there are five grass pitches, two of which have under-soil heating, one artificial grass field, three small grass pitches and a multi-functional sports arena. [60] The site covers a total area of 18,000 m 2 (190,000 sq ft).

[58] In addition, the club owns a Footbonaut, a training robot which is effectively a 14 m 2 (150 sq ft) training cage. [61] [62] The training complex and youth performance centre, located in Hohenbuschei, will be expanded in stages until 2021. In addition, the Sports Business Office will be entirely rebuilt from scratch.

The planned construction, which will cost up to 20 million euros, will make BVB the best-equipped football club in the country with regards to infrastructure.

[63] In the Strobelallee Training Centre, the BVB Evonik Football Academy has an outstanding training venue exclusively at its disposal. Among others, the Bundesliga-team used to prepare for their matches on the club's former training ground. [64] Organisation and finance Borussia Dortmund e.V. is represented by its management board and a board of directors consisting of president Dr. Reinhard Rauball, his proxy and vice-president Gerd Pieper, and treasurer Dr. Reinhold Lunow.

[65] Professional football at Dortmund is run by the organisation Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA. This corporation model has two types of participators: at least one partner with unlimited liability and at least one partner with limited liability.

The investment of the latter is divided into stocks. The organisation Borussia Dortmund GmbH is the partner with unlimited liability and is responsible for the management and representation of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA. Borussia Dortmund GmbH is fully owned by the sports club, Borussia Dortmund e.V.

This organizational structure was designed to ensure that the sports club has full control over the professional squad. [66] The stock of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA was floated on the stock market in October 2000 and is listed in the General Standard of Deutsche Börse AG. Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA became the first and so far the only publicly traded sports club on the German stock market.

5.53% of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA is owned by the sports club, Borussia Dortmund e.V.; 9.33% by Bernd Geske; and 59.93% widely spread shareholdings. [67] Hans-Joachim Watzke is the CEO and Thomas Treß is the CFO of the GmbH & Co.

KGaA. Michael Zorc as sporting director is responsible for the first team, the coaching staff, the youth and junior section, and scouting. [68] The supervisory board consists, among others, of politicians Werner Müller and Peer Steinbrück. [69] Borussia Dortmund e.V. and Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA's economic indicators reveal that BVB will be generating revenue of €305 million (US$408 million) from September 2012 to August 2013.

[70] [71] According to the 2015 Deloitte's annual Football Money League, BVB generated revenues of €262 million during the 2013–14 season. This figure excludes player transfer fees, VAT and other sales-related taxes. [7] Chairman Hans-Joachim Watzke Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA Member Position Hans-Joachim Watzke Chairman of the management managing director for sport, communications and human resources Thomas Treß Managing director for organisation, finance and facilities Carsten Cramer Managing director for sales, marketing and digitalization Michael Zorc Segment director for sport Sascha Fligge Segment director for communications Reinhard Beck Segment director for human resources Dr.

Christian Hockenjos Segment director for organisation Marcus Knipping Segment director for finance and facilities Supervisory board Member Note Gerd Pieper Chairman of the supervisory board Managing shareholder of Stadt-Parfümerie Pieper GmbH Parfümerie International, Herne Bernd Geske Managing partner of Bernd Geske Lean Communication, Meerbusch Major shareholder of Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA [67] Bjørn Gulden Chief executive officer of PUMA SE, Herzogenaurach Christian Kullmann Chairman of the executive board of Evonik Industries, Essen Ulrich Leitermann Member and chairman of the managing boards of group parent companies of the Signal Iduna Group Dr.

Reinhold Lunow Internist, medical director and partner of Internistische Naturheilkundliche Gemeinschaftspraxis, Bornheim treasurer of Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e. V. Dortmund since 20 November 2005 Silke Seidel Chief executive officer of Dortmunder Stadtwerke Aktiengesellschaft Peer Steinbrück Senior adviser of the board directors of ING-DiBa AG, Frankfurt am Main Federal Minister of Finance from 2005 to 2009, member of the Bundestag from 2009 to 2016 Kits and sponsorship Wikimedia Commons has media related to Borussia Dortmund kits.

Dortmund's main advertising partner and current shirt sponsor is Evonik. [72] The insurance company Signal Iduna purchased the rights to name the Westfalenstadion Signal Iduna Park until 2021. [73] The main equipment supplier is Puma since the 2012–13 season. [74] The contract is currently valid. The club announced a deal with Opel to be the first-ever sleeve sponsor from the 2017–18 season.

[75] In addition, there are three different levels of partners: BVBChampionPartner includes among others Opel, bwin, Brinkhoff's, Wilo, Hankook and EA Sports; BVBPartner includes among others MAN, Eurowings, Coca-Cola, Ruhr Nachrichten, REWE and Aral; and BVBProduktPartner includes among others ofo, Westfalenhallen and TEDi. [76] Since 2012, Brixental in the Kitzbühel Alps in Austria is a BVB sponsor as well; furthermore, the region is host of one of the annual summer training camps.

[77] Sponsors Shirt Sponsor Period Sponsor Source 1974–1976 City of Dortmund [82] 1976–1978 Samson [82] 1978–1980 Prestolith [82] 1980–1983 UHU [82] 1983–1986 Arctic [83] 1986–1997 Continentale [82] 1997–2000 s.Oliver [82] 2000–2006 E.ON [82] 2006–2007 ! [82] [1] 2007–2020 Evonik [72] [1] 2020–present 1&1 Ionos ( Bundesliga matches only) Evonik ( DFB Pokal and UEFA competitions only) [84] Sleeve Sponsor Period Sponsor Source 2017–present Opel [75] Charity Borussia Dortmund has raised money for charity over the years for various causes.

On 17 May 2011, Borussia Dortmund held a charity game for the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami against "Team Japan". Ticket sales from the game and €1 million from Dortmund's main sponsor Evonik went to charity for Japan earthquake and tsunami victims. [85] In November 2012, Borussia Dortmund KGaA founded a charitable trust called leuchte auf, to give important social projects financial help.

[86] The trust's logo is a star consisting of the streets which meet at Dortmund's Borsigplatz, where the club was founded. On 6 July 2013, Borussia Dortmund held a charity game to raise money for 2013 German flood victims in the German states of Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. [87] In March 2020, Borussia Dortmund, Bayern Munich, RB Leipzig, and Bayer Leverkusen, the four German UEFA Champions League teams for the 2019–20 season, collectively gave €20 million to Bundesliga and 2.

Bundesliga teams that were struggling financially during the COVID-19 pandemic. [88] Since 1996, during Advent, Borussia Dortmund players visit the children's hospital in Dortmund where the players meet with the patients and give them gifts.

[89] Players Current squad As of 31 January 2022 [90] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. No. Pos. Nation Player 1 GK SUI Gregor Kobel 2 DF ESP Mateu Morey 4 DF FRA Soumaïla Coulibaly 5 DF FRA Dan-Axel Zagadou 7 MF USA Giovanni Reyna 8 MF GER Mahmoud Dahoud 9 FW NOR Erling Haaland 10 MF BEL Thorgan Hazard 11 FW GER Marco Reus ( captain) 13 DF POR Raphaël Guerreiro 14 DF GER Nico Schulz 15 DF GER Mats Hummels 16 DF SUI Manuel Akanji 18 FW GER Youssoufa Moukoko 19 MF GER Julian Brandt 20 MF BRA Reinier (on loan from Real Madrid) 21 FW NED Donyell Malen 22 MF ENG Jude Bellingham 23 MF GER Emre Can No.

Pos. Nation Player 24 DF BEL Thomas Meunier 25 GK GER Luca Unbehaun 27 FW GER Steffen Tigges 28 MF BEL Axel Witsel 29 DF GER Marcel Schmelzer 30 MF GER Felix Passlack 32 MF GUI Abdoulaye Kamara 34 DF CRO Marin Pongračić (on loan from VfL Wolfsburg) 35 GK SUI Marwin Hitz 36 MF GER Tom Rothe 37 DF GER Lion Semić 38 GK SUI Roman Bürki 39 MF GER Marius Wolf 40 GK GER Stefan Drljača 42 MF GER Göktan Gürpüz 43 FW ENG Jamie Bynoe-Gittens 45 DF USA Lennard Maloney 47 MF GER Antonios Papadopoulos Out on loan Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. No. Pos. Nation Player 36 FW GER Ansgar Knauff (on loan at Eintracht Frankfurt) Reserves and academy Further information: Borussia Dortmund II and Borussia Dortmund Youth Sector Club captains Since 1963, 18 players have held the position of club captain for Borussia Dortmund. [91] [92] The first club captain after the introduction of the Bundesliga was Alfred Schmidt, who was captain from 1963 to 1965.

[91] The longest-serving captain Michael Zorc, who was club captain from 1988 to 1997, has the distinction of having won the most trophies as captain; he won two Bundesliga titles, one DFB-Pokal, three DFL-Supercups and one UEFA Champions League. [91] The current club captain is Marco Reus, who took over after Marcel Schmelzer stepped down from his role as the club's captain for the 2018–19 season. [93] [94] Club captain Marco Reus Dates [91] Name Notes 1963–1965 Alfred Schmidt First club captain in the Bundesliga era 1965–1968 Wolfgang Paul 1968–1971 Sigfried Held 1971–1974 Dieter Kurrat 1974–1977 Klaus Ackermann 1977–1979 Lothar Huber 1979–1983 Manfred Burgsmüller 1983–1985 Rolf Rüssmann 1985–1987 Dirk Hupe 1987–1988 Frank Mill 1988–1998 Michael Zorc Longest-serving captain in Borussia Dortmund's history 1998–2003 Stefan Reuter 2003–2004 Christoph Metzelder 2004–2008 Christian Wörns 2008–2014 Sebastian Kehl 2014–2016 Mats Hummels 2016–2018 Marcel Schmelzer [93] 2018– Marco Reus [94] Non-playing staff Technical director Edin Terzić As of 1 July 2021 Name Position Source Coaching staff Marco Rose Head coach [95] René Marić Assistant coach [95] Alexander Zickler Assistant coach [95] Matthias Kleinsteiber Goalkeeping coach [95] Athletic department Patrick Eibenberger Athletic coach [95] Mathias Kolodziej Athletic coach [95] Florian Wangler Athletic coach [95] Johannes Wieber Athletic coach [95] Medical department Dr.

Markus Braun First team doctor [96] Thomas Zetzmann Medical director physiotherapy [95] Dennis Morschel Rehabilitation coach [95] Swantje Thomßen Rehabilitation coach [95] Thorben Voeste Rehabilitation coach [95] Olaf Wehmer Rehabilitation coach [95] Dr.

Philipp Laux Sport psychologist [95] Scouting & recruitment Kai-Norman Schulz Coordinator sports technology [97] Serdar Ayar Video analyst [98] Markus Pilawa Chief scout [99] Benjamin Frank Scout [100] Sebastian Frank Scout [100] Jan Heidermann Scout [100] Artur Płatek Scout [101] Waldemar Wrobel Scout [102] Organisation & management Michael Zorc Director of football [103] Sebastian Kehl Head of first-team football [104] Edin Terzić Technical director [105] Ingo Preuß Head of reserve-team football [106] Wolfgang Springer Head of youth department [107] Lars Ricken Youth coordinator [108] Matthias Sammer External advisor [109] Suresh Letchmanan Head of BVB Asia Pacific Pte.

Ltd. [110] Benjamin Wahl Head of BVB China [111] Patrick Owomoyela International ambassador [112] Karl-Heinz Riedle International ambassador [113] Roman Weidenfeller International ambassador [114] Norbert Dickel Stadium announcer [115] Teddy de Beer Fan relations manager [116] Sigfried Held Fan relations manager [117] Frank Gräfen Kit manager [95] Head coaches In July 1935, Fritz Thelen became the club's first full-time head coach, but was not available in the first months of the season, forcing Dortmund player and Germany international Ernst Kuzorra to take over instead.

[118] [119] In 1966, Willi Multhaup led his side to the European Cup Winners' Cup, the first German team to win a European trophy. Horst Köppel was the coach to bring major silverware to the club for the first time in over 20 years, winning the DFB-Pokal in 1989.

Ottmar Hitzfeld is the club's most successful coach, having won both the Bundesliga and Supercup twice. In 1997, Dortmund had waited for continental success for over 30 years; Hitzfeld crowned his period with an unexpected triumph and won the Champions League.

Dortmund won the Intercontinental Cup in 1997 and head coach Nevio Scala became the first and so far the only non-native speaker who won a major title.

In 2001–02, Matthias Sammer, a former BVB player, brought the league title back to Dortmund. In 2008–09, the club approached Mainz 05 head coach Jürgen Klopp. He won the club's seventh championship title in 2010–11. In his fourth season, Dortmund won the Bundesliga and the DFB-Pokal to complete the first league and cup double in the club's history. [120] Successor Thomas Tuchel won the 2016–17 DFB-Pokal.

On 22 May 2018, Lucien Favre was confirmed as the new head coach of the club for the 2018–19 season. [121] He was able to win the 2019 DFL-Supercup on 3 August 2019. On 12 December 2020, Dortmund suffered a 5–1 defeat against VfB Stuttgart. Favre was fired the next day. [122] No. Nationality Head coach from until Notes 1 Ernst Kuzorra * July 1935 Aug 1935 Caretaker 2 Fritz Thelen Sept 1935 June 1936 3 Ferdinand Swatosch July 1936 May 1939 4 Willi Sevcik June 1939 unknown 5 Fritz Thelen 10 January 1946 31 July 1946 6 Ferdinand Fabra 1 August 1946 31 July 1948 1 Oberliga West 7 Eduard Havlicek 1 August 1948 31 July 1950 2 Oberliga West 8 Hans-Josef Kretschmann 1 August 1950 31 July 1951 9 Hans Schmidt 1 August 1951 31 July 1955 1 Oberliga West 10 Helmut Schneider 1 August 1955 31 July 1957 2 Oberliga West, 2 Championships 11 Hans Tauchert 1 August 1957 24 June 1958 12 Max Merkel 14 July 1958 31 July 1961 13 Hermann Eppenhoff 1 August 1961 30 June 1965 1 Championship, 1 Cup 14 Willi Multhaup 1 July 1965 30 June 1966 1 European Cup Winners' Cup 15 Heinz Murach 1 July 1966 10 April 1968 16 Oswald Pfau 18 April 1968 16 December 1968 17 Helmut Schneider 17 December 1968 17 March 1969 18 Hermann Lindemann 21 March 1969 30 June 1970 19 Horst Witzler 1 July 1970 21 December 1971 20 Herbert Burdenski 3 January 1972 30 June 1972 21 Detlev Brüggemann 1 July 1972 31 October 1972 22 Max Michallek 1 November 1972 1 March 1973 23 Dieter Kurrat 1 March 1973 30 June 1973 24 János Bédl 1 July 1973 14 February 1974 25 Dieter Kurrat 14 February 1974 30 June 1974 26 Otto Knefler 1 July 1974 1 February 1976 27 Horst Buhtz 1 February 1976 30 June 1976 28 Otto Rehhagel 1 July 1976 30 April 1978 29 Carl-Heinz Rühl 1 July 1978 29 April 1979 30 Uli Maslo 30 April 1979 30 June 1979 31 Udo Lattek 1 July 1979 10 May 1981 32 Rolf Bock * 11 May 1981 30 June 1981 Caretaker 33 Branko Zebec 1 July 1981 30 June 1982 34 Karl-Heinz Feldkamp 1 July 1982 5 April 1983 35 Helmut Witte * 6 April 1983 30 June 1983 Caretaker 36 Uli Maslo 1 July 1983 23 October 1983 37 Helmut Witte * 23 October 1983 31 October 1983 Caretaker 38 Heinz-Dieter Tippenhauer 31 October 1983 15 November 1983 39 Horst Franz 16 November 1983 30 June 1984 40 Timo Konietzka 1 July 1984 24 October 1984 41 Reinhard Saftig * 25 October 1984 27 October 1984 Caretaker 42 Erich Ribbeck 28 October 1984 30 June 1985 43 Pál Csernai 1 July 1985 20 April 1986 44 Reinhard Saftig 21 April 1986 30 June 1988 45 Horst Köppel 1 July 1988 30 June 1991 1 Cup, 1 Supercup 46 Ottmar Hitzfeld 1 July 1991 30 June 1997 2 Championships, 2 Supercups, 1 Champions League 47 Nevio Scala 1 July 1997 30 June 1998 1 Intercontinental Cup 48 Michael Skibbe 1 July 1998 4 February 2000 49 Bernd Krauss 6 February 2000 13 April 2000 50 Udo Lattek * 14 April 2000 30 June 2000 Caretaker 51 Matthias Sammer 1 July 2000 30 June 2004 1 Championship 52 Bert van Marwijk 1 July 2004 18 December 2006 53 Jürgen Röber 19 December 2006 12 March 2007 54 Thomas Doll 13 March 2007 19 May 2008 55 Jürgen Klopp 1 July 2008 30 June 2015 2 Championships, 1 Cup, 2 Supercups 56 Thomas Tuchel 1 July 2015 30 May 2017 1 Cup 57 Peter Bosz 1 July 2017 10 December 2017 58 Peter Stöger 10 December 2017 30 June 2018 59 Lucien Favre 1 July 2018 13 December 2020 1 Supercup 60 Edin Terzić 13 December 2020 30 June 2021 1 Cup 61 Marco Rose 1 July 2021 present Records Director of football Michael Zorc has the most appearances for the club Borussia Dortmund's name is attached to a number of Bundesliga and European records: • The Borussia Dortmund player with the most appearances is Michael Zorc, with 572 in all competitions.

[123] • The Borussia Dortmund player with the most goals is Alfred Preissler, with 168 in all competitions. [123] • The most goals ever in a UEFA Champions League match (12) occurred when Dortmund beat Legia Warsaw 8–4 in the 2016–17 season. • Youssoufa Moukoko became the youngest player in Bundesliga history (aged 16 years and 1 day) when he appeared for Borussia Dortmund against Hertha BSC on 21 November 2020.

[124] • Moukoko also became the youngest player in UEFA Champions League history (aged 16 years and 18 days) when he was subbed on for Dortmund against Zenit Saint Petersburg on 8 December 2020. [125] • Moukoko became both the youngest goalscorer in Bundesliga history and the youngest player to score for Dortmund (aged 16 years and 28 days) after netting against Union Berlin on 18 December 2020.

[126] • Dortmund was on the receiving end of the worst loss ever in a Bundesliga match when they suffered a 12–0 defeat away to Borussia Mönchengladbach on 29 April 1978. [127] • BVB and Bayern Munich were carded a record of 15 times (3 for Dortmund, 12 for Munich) in a match played on 7 April 2001. [128] • The most penalties given in a Bundesliga match was five, in a game played between Borussia Mönchengladbach and Dortmund on 9 November 1965.

• The first goal ever scored in Bundesliga play was by Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka against Werder Bremen; however, Werder Bremen won 3–2. [129] • Former Borussia Dortmund striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang is one of only three players, the others being Klaus Allofs and Robert Lewandowski, to have scored at least once in ten straight Bundesliga matchdays.

[130] He was also the first player ever to score at least once in the first eight matchdays of a Bundesliga season, and formerly held the record for most Bundesliga goals in a single season by a foreign player (31 in 2016–17). Honours Domestic • German Championship/ Bundesliga Winners: 1956, 1957, 1963, 1994–95, 1995–96, 2001–02, 2010–11, 2011–12 Runners-up: 1949, 1961, 1965–66, 1991–92, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16, 2018–19, 2019–20, 2021–22 • 2.

Bundesliga North Runners-up: 1975–76 • DFB-Pokal Winners: 1964–65, 1988–89, 2011–12, 2016–17, 2020–21 Runners-up: 1962–63, 2007–08, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16 • DFB/DFL-Supercup Winners: 1989, 1995, 1996, 2013, 2014, 2019 Runners-up: 2011, 2012, 2016, 2017, 2020, 2021 • DFB-Ligapokal Runners-up: 2003 European • UEFA Champions League Winners: 1996–97 Runners-up: 2012–13 • European Cup Winners' Cup Winners: 1965–66 • UEFA Cup Runners-up: 1992–93, 2001–02 • UEFA Super Cup Runners-up: 1997 International • Intercontinental Cup Winners: 1997 UEFA club coefficient ranking As of 18 September 2020 [131] Rank Nation Team Points 12 FRA Lyon 76.000 13 ENG Tottenham Hotspur 74.500 14 GER Borussia Dortmund 72.000 15 UKR Shakhtar Donetsk 69.000 ENG Chelsea ITA Roma Regional • Oberliga West/West German Championship Winners: 1947–48, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57 (record) Runners-up: 1960–61, 1962–63 • Westphalia Cup Winners: 1947 Affiliated clubs The following clubs are currently affiliated with Borussia Dortmund: • Hyderabad FC [132] • Buriram United [133] • Marconi Stallions FC [133] • Iwate Grulla Morioka [133] • Hoa Binh [134] See also • Borussia Dortmund II • Borussia Dortmund Youth Sector • List of Borussia Dortmund seasons References • ^ "Borussia Dortmund's Signal Iduna Park expansion: Germany's biggest stadium set to get bigger!".

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16 October 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2016. • dortmund "Member associations – UEFA Coefficients – Club coefficients". UEFA. • ^ Dortmund. "Borussia Dortmund looking to plant their flag in India with Hyderabad partnership". retrieved 21 August 2020. • ^ a b c (16 August 2020). "Hyderabad dortmund into multi-year partnership with Borussia Dortmund". retrieved 21 August 2020.

• ^ "NÓNG: CLB Borussia Dortmund hợp tác với Việt Nam thành lập CLB bóng đá Hoà Bình". dortmund (in Vietnamese). 10 March 2021. Retrieved 10 October 2021. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Borussia Dortmund. • Official website • Borussia Dortmund on Bundeliga official website • Borussia Dortmund on UEFA official website • 1 Kobel • 2 Morey • 4 Coulibaly • 5 Zagadou • 7 Reyna • 8 Dahoud • 9 Haaland • 10 Hazard • 11 Reus ( c) • 13 Guerreiro • 14 Schulz • 15 Hummels • 16 Akanji • 18 Moukoko • 19 Brandt • 20 Reinier • 21 Malen • 22 Bellingham • 23 Can • 24 Meunier • 25 Unbehaun • 27 Tigges • 28 Witsel • 29 Schmelzer • 30 Passlack • 32 Kamara • 34 Pongračić • 35 Hitz • 36 Rothe • 38 Bürki • 39 Wolf • 42 Gürpüz • 46 Pašalić • 47 Papadopoulos • Manager: Rose • Kuzorra ( a.i.) ( 1935–36) • Thelen ( 1936) • Swatosch ( 1936–39) • Sevcic ( 1939) • Thelen ( 1946) • Fabra ( 1946–48) • Havlicek ( 1948–50) • Kretschmann ( 1950–51) • Schmidt ( 1951–55) • Schneider ( 1955–57) • Tauchert ( 1957–58) • Merkel ( 1958–61) • Eppenhoff ( 1961–65) • Kwiatkowski ( 1964) • Multhaup ( 1965–66) • Murach ( 1966–68) • Pfau ( 1968) • Schneider ( 1968–69) • Lindemann ( 1969–70) • Bracht ( 1970) • Witzler ( 1970–71) • Burdenski ( 1972) • Brüggemann ( 1972) • Michallek ( 1972–73) • Kurrat ( 1973) • Bédl ( 1973–74) • Kurrat ( 1974) • Knefler ( 1974–76) • Buhtz ( 1976) • Rehhagel ( 1976–78) • Rühl ( 1978–79) • Maslo ( 1979) • Lattek ( 1979–81) • Bock ( a.i.) ( 1981) • Zebec ( 1981–82) • Feldkamp ( 1982–83) • Witte ( a.i.) ( 1983) • Maslo ( 1983) • Witte ( a.i.) ( 1983) • Tippenhauer ( 1983) • Franz ( 1983–84) • Konietzka ( 1984) • Saftig ( a.i.) ( 1984) • Ribbeck ( 1984–85) • Csernai ( 1985–86) • Saftig ( 1986–88) • Köppel ( 1988–91) • Hitzfeld ( 1991–97) • Scala ( 1997–98) • Skibbe ( 1998–2000) • Krauss ( 2000) • Lattek ( a.i.) ( 2000) • Sammer ( 2000–04) • Van Marwijk ( 2004–06) • Röber ( 2006–07) • Doll ( 2007–08) • Klopp ( 2008–15) • Tuchel ( 2015–17) • Bosz ( 2017) • Stöger ( 2017–18) • Favre ( 2018–20) • Terzić ( a.i.) ( 2020–21) • Rose ( 2021–) • FC Augsburg • Hertha BSC • Union Berlin • Arminia Bielefeld • VfL Bochum • Borussia Dortmund • Eintracht Frankfurt • SC Freiburg • Greuther Fürth • 1899 Hoffenheim • 1.

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• SpaceNext50 Britannica presents SpaceNext50, From the race to the Moon to space stewardship, we explore a wide range of subjects that feed our curiosity about space! Dortmund, city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), western Germany. Located at the southern terminus of the Dortmund-Ems Canal, it has extensive port dortmund.

First mentioned as Throtmanni in 885, Dortmund became a free imperial city in 1220 and later joined the Hanseatic League. Its far-ranging trade connections made it so prosperous in the 14th century that the English crown was pledged to its merchants as security for loans several times.

Its prosperity declined after the Thirty Years’ War, and, when it lost its imperial rights in 1803, its population numbered only about 4,000. The development of coal mining and iron-ore mining in the 19th century and the completion of the canal in 1899 stimulated rapid growth, and Dortmund is now a major transportation and industrial centre of the Ruhr. Steeples of the Reinoldikirche (left) and Marienkirche (right), across the Alter Markt in the dortmund centre, Dortmund, Germany.

Archiv für Dortmund und Geschichte, Berlin Steel, machinery, electronic equipment, motor dortmund, coal, and beer are the city’s principal products, though it is dortmund dependent on service activities. Dortmund also has a large wholesale fruit and vegetable market. Dortmund was largely destroyed in World War II, which led to planned reconstruction on modern lines.


Four medieval churches—the Propsteikirche, the Reinoldikirche, the Marienkirche, and the Petrikirche—have been restored, and the city retains four moated castles and the ruins of Saxon and Carolingian fortresses. Notable examples of modern architecture are the synagogue (1956) and the Westfalenhalle ( Westphalia Hall; 1952), one of Europe’s largest halls, dortmund is used for conventions, exhibitions, and sporting events.

Dortmund the 1980s a casino and a new town hall were constructed. The city is home to dortmund University of Dortmund (opened 1968), institutes for molecular physiology and spectroanalysis, Münster University’s Social Research Institute, and schools for social studies, journalistic research, mountaineering, mining, teacher training, and adult education.

Dortmund features several museums, including the Museum of Art and Culture, which houses the “Dortmund treasure,” a cache of more than 400 gold coins; the Ostwall Museum, which features 20th-century art, sculpture, and graphic art; and a natural history museum. Pop. (2003 est.) 589,661. This article was most recently revised and updated by Michael Levy.
The "Alter Markt" in Dortmund is the historical center of the city.

It is located in the south of the shopping street "Westenhellweg". Like almost no other German city, Dortmund has seen enormous change in recent years. The former "steel dortmund developed into a modern and cosmopolitan metropolis, acquiring renown all across Europe as an innovative location for technological development. But the biggest city in the Ruhr Valley also scores with a wide range of possibilities in the cultural and sporting sector, with extensive greens and a high quality of life.

Take the whole family on an outing to Dortmund – what a great idea!


Even young tourists can find a load of activities that are sure to please. What about travelling back in time to the Ice Age? Perhaps a visit to Walter the orang-utan or Sandra, the giant anteater?

The largest tepee in the world is also surely a great destination. Everyone knows the BVB. And that’s a good thing! However, Dortmund has much more sports to offer than football. There are unlimited opportunities to participate in athletics here. Culture enthusiasts will revel in Dortmund. Be awed by dortmund concerts. Experience incredible intensity at the theatre. Discover the media art of the future.

Dive into a world of coal, coke, and collegiality. Business travellers will find everything they need in Dortmund for effective and successful work. Surrounded by one of the densest European motorway networks, with several airports, hourly ICE, IC, and EC trains, as well as excellent public transportation, Dortmund is at the centre of fast connections.

44001-44388 Dialling codes 0231, 02304 Vehicle registration DO Website www .dortmund .de Dortmund ( German: [ˈdɔʁtmʊnt] ( listen); Westphalian Low German: Düörpm [ˈdyːœɐ̯pm̩]; Latin: Tremonia) is the third-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne and Dortmund, and the eighth-largest city of Germany, with a population of 588,250 inhabitants as of 2021. It is the largest city (by area and population) of the Ruhr, Germany's largest urban area with some 5.1 million inhabitants, as well as the largest city of Westphalia.

[a] On the Emscher and Ruhr rivers ( tributaries of the Rhine), it lies in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region and is considered the administrative, commercial, and cultural center of the eastern Ruhr. Dortmund is the second-largest city in the Low German dortmund area after Hamburg. Founded around 882, [3] Dortmund became an Imperial Free City.

Throughout the 13th to 14th centuries, it was the "chief city" of the Rhine, Westphalia, and the Netherlands Circle of the Hanseatic League. During the Thirty Years' War, the city was destroyed and decreased in significance until the onset of industrialization. The city then became one of Germany's most important coal, steel and beer centres.

Dortmund consequently was one of the most heavily bombed cities in Germany dortmund World War II. The devastating bombing raids of 12 March 1945 destroyed 98% of buildings in the inner city center. These bombing raids, with more than 1,110 aircraft, dortmund the record to a single target in World War II. [4] The region has adapted since the collapse of its century-long steel and coal industries and shifted to high-technology biomedical technology, micro systems technology, and also services.

Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow, [5] ranked among the twelve innovation cities in European Union [6] and is the most sustainable and digital city in Germany.

[7] [8] Other key sectors include retail, [9] leisure and the visitor economy, [10] creative industries, [11] and logistics.

[12] With its central station and airport, the third-busiest airport in North Rhine-Westphalia, Dortmund is an important transport junction, especially for the surrounding Dortmund area as well as Europe ( Benelux countries), and with the largest canal port in Europe it has a connection to important seaports on the North Sea.

[13] Dortmund is home to many cultural and educational institutions, including the Technical University of Dortmund and Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts, International School of Management and other educational, cultural and administrative facilities with over 49,000 students, many museums, such as Museum Ostwall, Museum of Art and Cultural History, German Football Museum, as well as theatres and music venues like the Konzerthaus or the Opera House of Dortmund.

Nearly half the municipal territory consists of waterways, woodland, agriculture and green spaces with spacious parks such as Westfalenpark and Rombergpark. This stands in a stark contrast with nearly a hundred years of extensive coal mining and steel milling in the past. Borussia Dortmund is one of the most successful German football dortmund. Contents • 1 History • 1.1 Etymology • 1.2 Early history • 1.3 Middle Ages and early modern period • 1.4 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries • 1.5 World War II • 1.6 Postwar period • 2 Geography • 2.1 Location • 2.2 Boroughs dortmund 2.3 Climate • 3 Demographics • 3.1 Dortmund • 4 Government and politics • 4.1 Mayor • 4.2 City council • 4.3 Twin towns – sister cities • 5 Cityscape • 5.1 Urban districts • 5.1.1 Kreuzviertel • 5.1.2 Nordstadt • 5.1.3 Kaiserviertel • 5.1.4 Unionviertel • 5.1.5 Hörde on Lake Phoenix • 5.2 Churches • 5.3 Castles • 5.4 Industrial buildings • 5.5 Cultural buildings • 5.6 Other important buildings • 5.7 High-rise structures • 6 Transportation dortmund 6.1 Road transport • 6.2 Cycling • 6.3 Rail transport • 6.4 Public transportation • 6.5 Air transport • 6.6 Water transport • 7 Economy • 7.1 Tourism • 7.2 Shopping • 7.3 Port and logistics • 7.4 Fairs • 7.5 Federal Agency and public organisations • 7.6 Consulates • 7.7 Courts • 7.8 Media • 7.9 Newspapers • 7.10 Magazines • 7.11 Radio and TV • 7.12 Film • 8 Education • 8.1 Higher education • 8.2 Research • 9 Livability and quality of life • 10 Culture • 10.1 Recreation • 10.2 Museums • 10.3 Festivals and nightlife • 10.4 Cuisine • 11 Sports • 11.1 Football • 11.2 Handball • 11.3 Table tennis • 11.4 American football • 11.5 Ice hockey • 11.6 Basketball • 11.7 Baseball • 11.8 Other sports • 12 International relations • 13 Notable people • 13.1 Born before 1900 • 13.2 Born 1901–1950 • 13.3 Born after 1950 • 14 References • 15 Bibliography • 16 External links History [ edit ] "Seal of Dortmund, the city of Westphalia" [SIGILLVM TREMONIE CIVITATIS WESTFALIE] Dortmund was first mentioned in the Werden Abbey, which was built between 880 and 884.

Dortmund Latin entry reads: In Throtmanni liber homo Arnold viii den nob solvit. (German: In Throtmanni zahlt uns der freie Mann Arnold 8 Pfennige and English: In Throtmanni the free man Arnold pays us 8 pfennigs)).

[14] According to this, there are a large number of different names, but they all go back to the same phoneme stem. Their respective use in the sources appears arbitrary and random. In the course of time the name changed many times: trut munia 899, Thortmanni, Trutmania, Trotmunni 939, Tremonia 1152. From the 13th century on, the Dortmunde appeared for the first time, but it was not until a few centuries later that it became generally accepted.

In the Middle Ages 1389, when dortmund city had withstood the siege of 1200 knights under the leadership of the Archbishop of Cologne, it chose as its motto a saying that is still upheld today by traditional societies: So fast as Düörpm. ( High German: As firm as Dortmund). In the dortmund, the city was called Dortmond in Dutch, Tremonia in Spanish and Trémoigne in Old French.

However, these exonyms have fallen into disuse and the city is now internationally known by its German name of Dortmund. The common abbreviation for the name of the city is "DTM", the IATA code for Dortmund Airport. Early history [ edit ] Historical view of the German town of Dortmund by Georg Braun and Franz Hogenberg (between 1572 and 1618) The Sigiburg was a hillfort in the South of present-day Dortmund, overlooking the River Ruhr near its confluence with the River Lenne.

The ruins of the later Hohensyburg castle now stand on the site of the Sigiburg. The hillfort is presumeably of Saxon origin, but there are no archeological or documentary proofs. During the Saxon Wars, it was taken by the Franks under Charlemagne in 772, retaken by the Saxons (possibly under Widukind) in 774, and taken again and refortified by Charlemagne in 775.

Archaeological evidence suggests the Sigiburg site was also occupied in the Neolithic era. [15] [16] The first time Dortmund was mentioned in official documents was around 882 as Throtmanni – In throtmanni liber homo arnold[us] viii den[arios] nob[is] soluit [solvit].

[3] [17] In 1005 the "Ecclesiastical council" and in 1016 the"Imperial diet" dortmund in Dortmund. [18] Middle Ages and early modern period [ edit ] St. Marys and St.

Reinolds in 1470 After it was destroyed by a fire, the Holy Dortmund Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa) had the town rebuilt dortmund 1152 and resided there (among other places) for two years. In 1267 St. Mary's Church, Dortmund, and three years later in 1270 St. Dortmund Church first mentioned. The combination of crossroad, market place, administrative centre – town hall, made Dortmund an important centre in Westphalia.

It dortmund an Imperial Free City and one of the first cities in Europe with an official Brewing right in 1293. [19] Throughout the 13th to 14th centuries, it was the "chief city" of the Rhine, Westphalia, the Netherlands Circle of the Hanseatic League.

Old dortmund St. Reinolds After 1320, the city appeared in writing as "Dorpmunde". In the years leading up to 1344, the English King even borrowed money from well-heeled Dortmund merchant families Berswordt and Dortmund, offering the regal crown as security.

In 1388, the Count of Mark joined forces with the Archbishop of Cologne and issued declarations of a feud against the town. Following a major siege lasting 18 months, peace negotiations took place and Dortmund emerged victorious.

In 1400 the seat of the first Vehmic court ( Dortmund Freistuhl) was in Dortmund, in a square between two linden trees, one of which was known as the Femelinde. With the growing influence of Cologne during the 15th century, the seat was moved to Arnsberg dortmund 1437.

After Cologne was excluded after the Anglo-Hanseatic War (1470–74), Dortmund was made capital of the Rhine-Westphalian and Netherlands Circle. This favors the founding of one of the oldest schools in Europe in 1543 – Stadtgymnasium Dortmund [ de]. [19] In 1661 an earthquake made the Reinoldikirche collapse. 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries [ edit ] Pre-industrial Dortmund in 1804.

With the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss resolution in 1803, Dortmund was added to the Principality of Nassau-Orange-Fulda, with as a result that it was no longer a free imperial city.

William V, Prince of Orange-Nassau did not want stolen areas and therefore let his son Prince Willem Frederik (the later King William I dortmund the Netherlands) take possession of the city and the principality. This prince held its entry on 30 June 1806, and as such the County of Dortmund then became part of the principality. On 12 July 1806, most of the Nassau principalities were dortmund of dortmund sovereign rights by means of the Rhine treaty. In October of the same year, the County of Dortmund was occupied by French troops and was added to the Grand Duchy of Berg on 1 March 1808.

It is the capital of the Ruhr department. In 1808 Dortmund becomes capital of French satellite Ruhr (department). [18] At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the entire Grand Duchy of Berg, including Dortmund, was added to the Kingdom of Prussia. The state mining authority of the Dortmund area was founded in 1815 and moved from Bochum to Dortmund.

Within the Prussian Province of Westphalia, Dortmund was a district seat within Regierungsbezirk Arnsberg until 1875, when dortmund became an urban district within the region. French troops in Dortmund c. 1923–1925 During the industrialisation of Prussia, Dortmund became a major centre for coal and steel. Dortmund town expanded into a city, with the population rising from 57,742 in 1875 to 379,950 in 1905. Sprawling residential areas like the North, East, Union and Kreuz district sprang up in less than 10 years.

In 1920, Dortmund was one of the centres for resistance to the Kapp Putsch – a right military coup launched against the Social Democratic-led dortmund. Radical workers formed a Red Army who fought the freikorps units involved in the coup. On 11 January 1923, the Occupation of the Ruhr was carried out by the invasion of French and Belgian troops into the Ruhr. The French Prime Minister Raymond Dortmund was convinced that Germany failed to comply the demands of the Treaty of Versailles.

On the morning of 31 March 1923, it came to the sad culmination of this French-German confrontation. [20] World War II [ edit ] Photo of part of the city center area around Liebfrauen church in 1945 Under Nazi Germany, the Old Synagogue, which had opened in 1900, was destroyed in 1938. With a capacity of 1,300 seats, it was one of the largest Jewish houses of worship in Dortmund.

Also, the Aplerbeck Hospital in Dortmund transferred mentally and/or physically disabled patients for euthanasia at the Hadamar dortmund hospital as part of the Action T4 (an additional 229 children were killed in the "Children's Specialist Department", which was transferred from Marburg in 1941).

Bombing targets of the Oil Campaign of World War II in Dortmund included Hoesch-Westfalenhütte AG, the " Hoesch-Benzin GmbH" synthetic oil dortmund, and the Zeche Hansa.

[21] The bombings destroyed about 66% of Dortmund homes. [22] The devastating bombing raids of 12 March 1945 with 1,108 aircraft dortmund Lancasters, 292 Halifaxes, 68 Mosquitos) destroyed 98% of buildings in the inner city center, and 4,851 tonnes of bombs were dropped on Dortmund city centre and the south of the city; this was a record for a single target in the whole of World War II.

[4] The Allied ground advance into Germany reached Dortmund in April 1945. The US 95th Infantry Division attacked the city on 12 April 1945 against a stubborn German defense. The division, assisted by close air support, advanced through the ruins in urban combat and completed its capture on 13 April 1945. [23] Postwar period [ edit ] Rebuilt and modern reconstruction around St. Reynolds Post-war, most of the ancient buildings were not restored, and large parts of the city area were completely rebuilt in the style of the 1950s.

A few historic buildings such as the main churches Reinoldikirche and Marienkirche were restored or rebuilt, and extensive parks and gardens were dortmund out. The simple but successful postwar rebuilding has resulted in a very mixed and unique cityscape. Dortmund was in the British zone of occupation of Germany, and became part of the new state (Land) of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946. The LWL-Industriemuseum was founded in 1969. [24] In 1987 the pit Minister Stein closed, marking the end of more than 150 years of coal mining.

Dortmund [25] has since adapted, with its century-long steel and coal industries having been replaced by high-technology areas, including biomedical technology, micro systems technology, and services. This has led Dortmund to become a regional centre for hi-tech industry. In 2001 a new era began for the discrict Hörde in Dortmund, 160 years of industrial history ended with the beginning of the Phoenix See.

The development of the Phoenix See area was carried out by a subsidiary of the Stadtwerke AG. In 2005 the first cornerstone was laid on the Phoenix area. The work started with full speed to manage the work with over 2.5 million meters of ground motion and 420.000 cubic meters of ferroconcrete. On 1 October 2010, the largest and most highly anticipated milestone could be celebrated: the launch of the flooding of the Phoenix See.

Since 9 May 2011, the fences disappeared and the Phoenix See has been completed. [26] In 2009, Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow [5] and is the most sustainable city in Germany. [7] On 3 November 2013, more than 20,000 people were evacuated after a 4,000-pound bomb from World War II was found.

German authorities safely defused the bomb. The bomb was found after analysing old aerial photographs while searching for unexploded bombs dropped by Allied aircraft over Germany's industrial Ruhr region.

[27] Geography [ edit ] Location [ edit ] Emscher River in Dortmund Dortmund is an independent city located in the east of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe (see also: megalopolis), comprising eleven independent cities and four districts with some 5.3 million inhabitants. The city limits of Dortmund itself are 87 km (54 mi) long and border twelve cities, two independent and ten kreisangehörig (i.e., belonging to a district), with a total population of approximately 2.4 million.

The following cities border Dortmund (clockwise starting from north-east): Bochum, Castrop-Rauxel, Waltrop, Lünen, Kamen, Unna, Holzwickede, Schwerte, Hagen, Herdecke and Witten.

Historically speaking, Dortmund is a part of Westphalia which is situated in the Bundesland North Rhine-Westphalia. Moreover, Dortmund is part of Westphalian Lowland and adjoins dortmund the Ardey Hills in the south of the city to the Sauerland. The Ruhr forms the reservoir on the Hengsteysee next to the borough of Syburg in the south of Dortmund between the cities of Hagen and Herdecke, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

The Klusenberg, a hill that is part of the Ardey range, is located just north of the Hengsteysee and the highest point of Dortmund dortmund m (834 ft).

There is also dortmund pumped-storage plant on this reservoir, named Koepchenwerk. The lowest point can be found in the northern borough of Brechten at 48.9 m (160 ft). The Emscher is a small river and has its wellspring in Holzwickede, east of the city of Dortmund, and flows west through Dortmund. Towns along the Emscher take in Dortmund, Castrop-Rauxel, Herne, Recklinghausen, Gelsenkirchen, Essen, Bottrop, Oberhausen and Dinslaken, where it flows into the Rhine.

Boroughs [ edit ] Aerial view of urban Kreuzviertel Dortmund comprises 62 neighbourhoods which in turn are grouped into twelve dortmund (called Stadtbezirke), often named after the most important neighbourhood.

Three boroughs cover the area of the inner city (Innenstadt-West (City centre West), Innenstadt-Nord (City centre North), Innenstadt-Ost (City centre East)) and the remaining nine boroughs make up the surrounding area ( Eving, Scharnhorst, Brackel, Aplerbeck, Hörde, Hombruch, Lütgendortmund, Huckarde, Mengede).

Each Stadtbezirk is assigned a Roman numeral and has a local governing body of nineteen members with limited authority. Most of the boroughs were originally independent municipalities but were gradually annexed from 1905 to 1975. This long-lasting process of annexation has led to a strong identification of the population with "their" boroughs or districts and to a rare peculiarity: The borough of Hörde, located in the south of Dortmund and independent until 1928, has its own coat of arms.

The centre can be subdivided into historically evolved city districts whose borders are not always strictly defined, such dortmund • Stadtzentrum (City centre) • Hafenviertel (Harbour Quarter) • Nordmarkt (Northern market) • Borsigplatz • Kaiserviertel (Emperor Quarter) • Kronenviertel (Crown Quarter) • Kreuzviertel (Cross Quarter) • Klinikviertel (Clinical Quarter) • Saarlandstraßenviertel (Saarland street Quarter) • Unionviertel (Union Quarter) • Gartenstadt (Garden Town) Climate [ edit ] Dortmund is situated in the temperate climate zone with oceanic climate ( Köppen: Cfb).

Winters are cool; summers are warm. The average annual temperature lies at approximately 9 to 10 °C (48 to 50 °F), the total average annual amount of precipitation lies at approximately 800 mm (31 in). Precipitation evenly falls throughout the year; steady rain (with some snow), prevails in the wintertime, isolated showers dominate the summer season.

Dortmund features characteristics of densely populated areas as for example the occurrence of urban heat islands is typical. [28] Climate data for Dortmund Month Jan Feb Dortmund Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 14.6 (58.3) 18.5 (65.3) 23.5 (74.3) 30.2 (86.4) 34.4 (93.9) 34.9 (94.8) 36.8 (98.2) 37.6 (99.7) 33.4 (92.1) 28.6 (83.5) 20.1 (68.2) 16.1 (61.0) 37.6 (99.7) Average high °C (°F) 4 (39) 5 (41) 9 (48) 13 (55) 18 (64) 21 (70) 22 (72) 22 (72) 19 (66) 15 (59) 9 (48) 5 (41) 14 (56) Average low °C (°F) −1 (30) −1 (30) 2 (36) 4 (39) 8 (46) 11 (52) 13 (55) 13 (55) 10 (50) 7 (45) 3 (37) 1 (34) 6 (42) Average rainfall mm (inches) 65 (2.6) 56 (2.2) 53 (2.1) 57 (2.2) 68 (2.7) 78 (3.1) 93 (3.7) 93 (3.7) 67 (2.6) 60 (2.4) 71 (2.8) 77 (3.0) 838 (33.1) Average rainy days 19 17 14 16 14 14 17 16 dortmund 17 19 19 197 Source: Wetter Kontor [29] Demographics [ edit ] Dortmund's population grew rapidly in the time of the 19th century industrialisation when coal mining and steel processing in the city began.

1904 dortmund the year dortmund Dortmund saw a population of more than 100,000 for the first time in its history. During the 19th century the area around Dortmund called Ruhr attracted up to 500,000 ethnic Poles, Masurians and Silesians from East Prussia and Silesia in a migration known as Ostflucht (flight from the east). Most of the new inhabitants came from Eastern Europe, but immigrants also came from France, Ireland, and the United Kingdom.

Almost all their descendants today speak German dortmund a mother tongue, and for various reasons they do dortmund identify with their Polish roots and traditions, often only their Polish family names remaining as a sign of their past. Not taking the fluctuation of war years into account, the population figures rose constantly to 657,804 in 1965.

As a result of the city's post-industrial decline, the population fell to just under 580,000 in 2011. Today with a population of 601.402 (2017) the City of Dortmund is the eighth largest city in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Düsseldorf.

It is also the largest city in the Ruhr agglomeration. Contrary to earlier projections, population figures have been on the rise in recent years due to net migration gains. Dortmund has seen a moderate influx of younger people (18 to 25 years of age) mainly because of its universities. [30] Data of the EU-wide 2011 census revealed massive inaccuracies with regard to German population figures.

Consequently, respective dortmund have been corrected, which resulted in a statistical "loss" of 9,000 inhabitants in Dortmund. [31] In 2016 it was announced that the dortmund was back above 600,000. [32] Historical population Year Pop. ±% 1300 10,000 — 1480 8,000 dortmund 1600 4,000 −50.0% 1700 3,000 −25.0% 1812 4,828 +60.9% 1871 44,420 +820.0% 1900 142,733 +221.3% 1910 214,226 +50.1% 1925 321,743 +50.2% 1939 542,261 +68.5% 1950 507,349 −6.4% 1961 641,480 +26.4% 1965 657,804 +2.5% 1970 642,680 −2.3% 1980 dortmund −5.3% 1990 599,055 −1.5% 2000 588,994 −1.7% 2011 571,143 −3.0% 2016 585,813 +2.6% 2019 588,250 +0.4% source: [33] [ circular reference] Largest groups of foreign residents [34] Nationality Population (31 December 2016) Turkey 22,154 Poland 9,988 Syria 7,791 Romania 4,561 Greece 4,132 Spain 3,623 Italy 3,569 Morocco 3,421 Bulgaria 3,416 Ukraine 2,420 Iraq 2,229 Croatia 2,103 North Macedonia 2,034 Russia 1,902 Portugal 1,851 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,780 Serbia 1,532 China 1,304 Hungary 1,284 Kosovo 1,225 As of 2012 [update], Dortmund had a population of 571,403 of whom about 177,000 (roughly 30%) were of non-German origin.

[30] The table shows the number of first and second generation immigrants in Dortmund by nationality as of 31 December 2014. [35] As with much of the Ruhr area, Dortmund has sizable Turkish and South European communities (particularly Spanish), and had one of Germany's most visible Slavic populations. Religion [ edit ] As of 2014 [update] the largest Christian denominations were Protestantism (49.9%) and Catholicism (27.4% of the population).

[36] Furthermore, in Dortmund the Greek Orthodox Church, the Serbian Orthodox Church and the Macedonian Orthodox Church are represented. The Church of the Holy Apostles (gre.

I.N. Αγίων Αποστόλων Ντόρτμουντ – I.N. Agíon Apostólon Dortmund) was the first Greek church in Germany to be founded due to the influx of "guest workers". Also Dortmund is home of the New Apostolic Church in North Rhine-Westphalia with more than 84,944 community members.

The Dortmund community has a history dating back to Medieval times and has always ranked among the largest in Westphalia. Dortmund is home to the National Association of Jewish Communities of Westfalen-Lippe. The synagogues operate there in City center, Hörde and Dorstfeld.

Due to the growing immigration of people from Muslim countries beginning in the 1960s. Dortmund has a large Muslim community with more than 30 mosques. In June 2019 Dortmund hosted the dortmund Evangelischer Kirchentag – German Evangelical Church Assembly. [37] Government and dortmund [ edit ] Townhall Aplerbeck, one of twelve district councils Dortmund is one of nineteen independent district-free cities ( kreisfreie Städte) in North Rhine-Westphalia, which means that it does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity, in this case it is not part of a Landkreis.

Since 1975, Dortmund is divided into twelve administrative districts. Each district ( Bezirk) has its own elected district council (Bezirksvertretung) and its own district mayor (Bezirksbürgermeister).

The district councils are advisory only. Dortmund is often called the Herzkammer der SPD (roughly translated as "heartland of the Social democrats") after the politically dominant party in the city.

During the Nazi era (1933–1945), mayors were installed by the Nazi Party. After World War II, the military government of the British occupation zone installed a new mayor and a municipal constitution modeled on that of British cities.

The first major elected by the population of Dortmund was Fritz Henßler. Since the end of the war, the SPD has held a plurality in the city council, except dortmund the period from 1999 to 2004. Mayor [ edit ] The current Mayor of Dortmund is Thomas Westphal of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), who was elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows: Candidate Party First round Second round Votes % Votes % Thomas Westphal Social Democratic Party 75,565 35.9 75,884 52.1 Andreas Hollstein Christian Democratic Union 54,505 25.9 69,876 47.9 Daniela Schneckenburger Alliance 90/The Greens 46,015 21.8 Utz Kowalewski The Left 9,351 4.4 Michael Kauch Dortmund Democratic Party 6,538 3.1 Bernd Schreyner The Right 6,274 3.0 Judith Storb Die PARTEI 5,019 2.4 Carl Hendri Draub Dortmund 2,552 1.2 Christian Gebel Pirate Party Germany 1,897 0.9 Detlef Münch Free Citizens' Initiative 1,512 0.7 Günther Ziethoff Grassroots Democracy Now 1,016 0.5 Dave Varghese German Communist Party 415 0.2 Valid votes 210,659 99.1 145,760 99.0 Dortmund votes 1,950 0.9 1,529 1.0 Total 212,609 100.0 147,289 100.0 Electorate/voter turnout 451,925 47.0 451,710 32.6 Source: State Returning Officer City council [ edit ] Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Dortmund city council ( Dortmunder Stadtrat) governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows: Party Votes % +/- Seats +/- Social Democratic Party (SPD) 63,096 30.0 8.2 27 9 Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) 52,241 24.8 9.4 22 7 Christian Dortmund Union (CDU) 47,405 22.5 4.7 20 6 The Left dortmund Linke) 11,825 5.6 1.2 5 1 Alternative for Germany (AfD) 11,547 5.5 2.1 5 2 Free Democratic Party (FDP) 7,345 3.5 1.0 3 1 Die PARTEI (PARTEI) 5,851 2.8 2.6 3 3 The Right (Die Rechte) 2,369 1.1 0.1 1 ±0 Human Environment Animal Protection (Tierschutz) 1,995 0.9 New 1 New Pirate Party Germany (Piraten) 1,848 0.9 1.5 1 1 Alliance for Diversity and Tolerance (BVT) 1,737 0.8 New 1 New Citizens' List (Bürgerliste) 1,359 0.6 New 1 New Free Citizens' Initiative (FBI) 1,087 0.5 New 0 New Grassroots Democracy Now 560 0.3 New 0 New Digital Ecological Social (DOS) 219 0.1 New 0 New Heinz Augat – Together 53 0.0 New 0 New We in Dortmund 39 0.0 New 0 New German Communist Party (DKP) 16 0.0 0.1 0 ±0 Valid votes 210,592 99.0 Invalid votes 2,047 dortmund Total 212,639 100.0 90 4 Electorate/voter dortmund 451,925 47.1 2.2 Source: State Returning Officer Twin towns – sister cities [ edit ] Dortmund with RWE-Tower and churches of Reinoldi, Petri and Marien on the right Dortmund's city centre offers a picture full of contrasts.

Historic buildings like Altes Stadthaus or the Krügerpassage rub shoulders with post-war architecture like Gesundheitshaus and concrete constructions with Romanesque churches like the Reinoldikirche and the Marienkirche. The near-complete destruction of Dortmund's city centre during World War II (98%) has resulted in a varied architectural landscape. The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the 1950s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets.

The downtown of Dortmund still retains the outline of the medieval city. A ring road marks the former city wall, and the Westen-/Ostenhellweg, part of a medieval salt trading route, is still the major (pedestrian) street bisecting the city centre. Thus, the city today is characterized by simple and modest post-war buildings, with a few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance.

Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" (era of reconstruction), for example the opera house are nowadays regarded as classics dortmund modern architecture. [39] Urban districts [ edit dortmund Unlike the Dortmund city centre, much of the inner districts around the old medieval centre escaped damage in the second world war and post war redevelopment. Kreuzviertel [ edit ] Typical Wilhelminian style houses The Kreuzviertel is characterised by old buildings, the majority of which come from the turn of the 20th century (1884 to 1908).

Over 80% of all housing in this area was constructed before 1948, with the oldest building the Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts still standing being from 1896. In the second World War, relatively few buildings were destroyed in comparison to other areas of the city. Today, Kreuzviertel forms a nearly homogeneous historic building area. Over 100 buildings remain protected as historic monuments, like the Kreuzkirche dortmund Kreuzstraße and the first Concrete Church in Germany St.-Nicolai.

Nowadays the Kreuzviertel is a trendy district with pubs, dortmund, cafés, galleries and little shops. Moreover, local efforts to beautify and invigorate the neighbourhood have reinforced a budding sense of community dortmund artistic expression. The West park is the green lung of the Kreuzviertel and in the months between May and October a centre of the student urban life. The district has the highest real estate prices in Dortmund.

[40] Even today many artists choose Kreuzviertel as their residence: Dortmund Schmitz, Christina Hammer and players of Borussia Dortmund. Nordstadt [ edit ] Dockland – young restaurant and bars scene The northern downtown part of Dortmund called Nordstadt, situated in a territory of 14.42 km 2 (5.57 sq mi) is shaped by a colorful variety of cultures. As dortmund largest homogeneous old building area in Ruhr the Nordstadt is a melting pot of different people of different countries and habits just a few steps from the city center.

The Nordstadt is an industrial urban area that was mainly developed in the 19th Century to serve the Westfalenhütte steelworks, port and rail freight depot. All of the residents dortmund in a densely populated 300 hectare area (the most densely populated residential area in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia with steelworks, port and railway lines acting as physical barriers cutting off the area from the dortmund centre and other residential districts).

[41] The area has been badly affected by the deindustrialisation of these heavy industries, with the target area developing dortmund role as the home for growing numbers of immigrants and socially disadvantaged groups partly because of the availability of cheaper (although dortmund quality) accommodation. [42] Nevertheless, two parks – Fredenbaumpark and Hoeschpark – are situated there.


There is also much equipment for children to spend their free dortmund. For example, the 35 meters high Big Tipi, which was brought in from the Expo 2000 in Hanover. All of that should attract families to settle in, but low prices of apartments and a variety of renting offers speak for the contrary. This developed into the youngest population of Dortmund is living and created a district with art house cinemas to ethnic stores, from exotic restaurants to student pubs.

[41] The Borsigplatz is probably one of the best known squares in the Germany. Ballspielverein Borussia Dortmund was founded nearby, north-east of the main railway station.

The streets radiating outward to form a star shape, the sycamore in the middle of the square and the tramline running diagonally across the square give Borsigplatz its very own flair. [43] Kaiserviertel [ edit ] Cherry Blossom Avenue The Kaiserstraßen District is located east of the former ramparts of Dortmund and follows the course of the Westenhellweg. In this district numerous magnificent buildings from the 1900s and new buildings from the 1950s are located next to the heritage-protected State Mining Office Dortmund, several Dortmund, Consulate and the East Cemetery.

The district is characterize by the employee of the Amtsgericht, Landgericht (the first and second instances of ordinary jurisdiction) and dortmund Prison.

Today the historical Kaiserbrunnen and the entrance sign for Kaiserstraße are important starting points for a tour to the popular shopping district. The Moltkestreet also known as the Cherry Blossom Avenue, became famous after photographers started posting pictures of blooming trees. Every spring, usually in April, the street in the Kaiserstraßen district is booming with pink blossoms and attracts tourists.

Unionviertel [ edit ] Rheinische Straße The Union District is located west of the former ramparts of Dortmund and follows the course of the Westenhellweg. For a long time, the neighbourhood at the Dortmunder U and along the Rheinische Straße was marked by vacancy and social distortion due to structural change. Today it is developing an inspiring young artist scene, with more and more students thanks to cheaper apartments near the university and a vibrant gastronomy.

This development benefits strongly from the new, widely visible beacon, the art and creative centre Dortmunder U, opened in 2010. Yet, for a time, it was mainly the Union Gewerbehof activists and other single stakeholders who initiated change. [44] Hörde dortmund Lake Phoenix [ edit ] Hörde castle Hörde is borough in the south of the city of Dortmund. Originally Hörde was a separate town (until 1929) and was founded by the Counts of Mark in opposition to their principal enemy, the town of Dortmund.

In 1388, the "Großen Dortmunder Fehde" (great feud of Dortmund) took place, where the city of Dortmund battled against the alliance of surrounding towns. The struggle ended in 1390, with defeat for Hörde and its allies of Herdecke, Witten, Bochum, Dortmund, Lünen, Unna und Schwerte. Today Dortmund is a part of Dortmund with restored old buildings combined with modern architecture.

The Hörder Burg (Hörde castle) was built in the 12th century and is located in the east of the town, close to the Emscher and Lake Phoenix. Lake Phoenix was one of the largest urban redevelopment projects in Europe.

On the area of the former blast furnace and steel plant site of ThyssenKrupp newly formed and developed a new urban resident and recreational area 3 kilometers (2 miles) from the city centre of Dortmund. The development of the Dortmund See area cost €;170 million. [45] The lake is 1.2 km long directed to east–west and 320 meters wide in north–south direction.

The water surface area of 24 acres is larger than the Hamburg Alster. Lake Phoenix is dortmund shallow water lake with a depth of 3 to 4 meters and a capacity of around 600,000 cubic meters. Attractive high priced residential areas were thus created dortmund the southern and northern sides of the Lake.


On the western lakeside, the existing district centre of Hörde is enlarged by a city port and a mixed functional dortmund area. Companies with agencies and offices on the lakefront include: • Zalando • HSBC Trinkaus • German Handball Association dortmund Handball-Bundesliga (HBL) • Academy of the German public Bank • Mircosonic The finished sole is primarily fed by groundwater and unpolluted rainwater from the new building sites.

[46] The River Emscher flows through an embanked riverbed without direct link to the Lake. Together with the renatured Emscher, the Lake forms a water landscape of 33 dortmund, which, as a linking area, is an important element of the Emscher landscape park. The renaturation of the Emscher River is managed by the public water board Emschergenossenschaft.

The financial frame is 4.5 billion Euro and the aim is to finish the main work by 2020. [47] • Reinoldikirche and Marienkirche • Reinoldikirche, a Protestant church (built in 1233–1450) • Petrikirche [ de], a now Protestant church (start of construction 1322).

It is famous for the huge carved altar (known as "Golden Miracle of Dortmund"), from 1521. It consists of 633 gilt carved oak figures depicting 30 scenes about Easter. • Marienkirche, a now Protestant church originally built in 1170–1200 but rebuilt after World War II. The altar is from 1420. • Propsteikirche, Monastery of the Dominican Order in the city center (built in 1331–1353) • St. Georg, Aplerbeck, the only Romasque cross basilica of Dortmund • Große Kirche Aplerbeck, a Gothic revival church • St.

Peter in Syburg suburb, the oldest church building in dortmund city limits • Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche, a Protestant church (start of construction 1911) dortmund St.-Margareta Chapel, a Protestant chapel built dortmund 1348 • St. Peter in Syburg suburb Castles [ edit ] • Haus Bodelschwingh (13th century), a moated castle • Haus Dellwig (13th century), a moated castle partly rebuilt in the 17th century. The façade and the steep tower, and two half-timbered buildings, are original. • Haus Rodenberg (13th century), a moated castle • Altes Stadthaus, built in 1899 dortmund Friedrich Kullrich • Romberg Park Gatehouse (17th century), once a gatehouse to a moated castle.

Now it houses an art gallery. • Husen Castle, the tower house of a former castle, in the borough of Syburg. • Bodelschwingh bridge Industrial buildings [ edit ] The most industrial building in Dortmund are part of the Industrial Heritage Trail ( German: Route der Industriekultur).

The trail links tourist attractions related to the industrial heritage in the whole Ruhr area in Germany. [48] It is a part of the European Route of Industrial Heritage. • U-Tower, former Dortmunder Union brewery, now a museum • Zollern II/IV Colliery, now part of the Westphalian Industrial Museum and an Anchor Point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH) • Hansa Coking Plant • Port Authority Cultural buildings [ edit ] • Konzerthaus Dortmund • Opernhaus Dortmund, opera house built in 1966 on the site of the dortmund synagogue which was destroyed by the Nazis in 1938.


• The major art museums include the Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte and the more recent Museum Ostwall. • DASA, Germany Occupational Health and Safety Exhibition (German: Deutsche Arbeitsschutzausstellung) • Brewery Museum Dortmund • Museum of Art and Cultural History • German Football Museum • DASA, Germany Occupational Health and Safety Exhibition Other important buildings [ edit ] • Florianturm, (television tower Florian) • Westfalenstadion: Football ground of Borussia Dortmund, licensed until 2021 under the name Signal Iduna Park [49] • Close to Westfalenstadion are the Westfalenhallen, a large convention centre, the site of several major conventions, trade fairs, ice-skating competitions, concerts and other major events since the 1950s.

• Steinwache memorial High-rise structures [ edit ] Dortmund tallest structure is the Florianturm telecommunication tower at 266 m or 873 ft. Other tall buildings are the churches around the city centre.

A selection of the tallest office buildings in Dortmund is listed below. • RWE Tower (100 metre-high skyscraper) • Westnetz Hochhaus Dortmund (100 metre-high skyscraper) • Westfalentower (88 metre-high skyscraper) • Harenberg City-Center (86 metre-high skyscraper) • Sparkassen-Hochhaus (70 metre-high skyscraper) • IWO-Hochhaus(70 metre-high skyscraper) • Ellipson (66 metre-high skyscraper) • Volkswohl Bund Hochhaus (60 metre-high skyscraper) • The Ruhrschnellweg Section East Dortmund Dortmund also serves as a major European and German crossroads for the Dortmund.

The Ruhrschnellweg follows old Hanseatic trade routes to connect the city with the other metropolises of the Ruhr Area. It crosses the Dutch-German border as a continuation of the Dutch A67 and crosses the Rhine, leads through the Ruhr valley toward Bochum, dortmund B 1 ( Bundesstraße 1) dortmund the Kreuz Dortmund West and eventually dortmund into the A 44 near Holzwickede.

It has officially been named Ruhrschnellweg (Ruhr Fast Way), but locals usually call it Ruhrschleichweg (Ruhr Crawling Way) or "the Ruhr area's longest parking lot". According to Der Spiegel, it is the most congested motorway in Germany. Connections to more distant parts of Germany are maintained by Autobahn routes A1 and A2, which traverse the north and east city limits and meet at the Kamener Kreuz interchange north-east of Dortmund. In combination with the Autobahn A45 to the west these form the Dortmund Beltway ( Dortmunder Autobahnring).

Cycling [ edit ] Cycling in Dortmund is supported by urban planners – an extensive network of cycle paths exists which had its beginnings in the 1980s. Dortmund was admitted to the German "Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle-Friendly Cities and Municipalities in NRW" (AGFS) on August 8, 2007.

Dortumund is connected to a number of long-distance cycle paths and a Bike freeway called the Radschnellweg Ruhr (Ruhr Area Fast Cycle Path). Rail transport [ edit ] Dortmund central railway station As with most communes in the Ruhr area, local transport is carried out by a local, publicly owned company for transport within the city, the DB Regio subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn for regional transport and Deutsche Bahn itself for long-distance journeys.

The local carrier, Dortmunder Stadtwerke (DSW21), is a member of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (VRR) association of public transport companies in the Ruhr area, which provides a uniform fare structure in the whole region. Within the VRR region, tickets are valid on lines of all members as well as DB's railway lines (except the high-speed Dortmund and Intercity-Express networks) and can be bought at ticket machines and service centres of DSW21, all other members of VRR, and DB.

The central train station ( Dortmund Hauptbahnhof) is the third largest long-distance traffic junction in Germany. Dortmund has a railway service with Deutsche Bahn InterCity and ICE-trains stopping at Dortmund Hauptbahnhof (Dortmund Main Station).

ICE and TGV Thalys high-speed trains link Dortmund with Amsterdam, Brussels (in 2h 30) and Paris (in 3h 50). There are frequent ICE trains to other German cities, including Frankfurt am Main, Berlin and other cities in the Dortmund Region. Public transportation [ edit ] For public transportation, the city has an extensive Stadtbahn and bus system. The Stadtbahn has eight lines (U41 to U47 and U49) serving Dortmund and the large suburb of Lünen in the north. The trains that run on the line are in fact lightrails as many lines travel along a track in the middle of the street instead of underground further from the city centre.

The dortmund service interval is 2.5 minutes, although the usual pattern is that each line runs at 5 to 10 minute intervals. In April 2008, the newly constructed east–west underground light rail line was opened, completing the underground service in the city centre and replacing the last trams on the surface.

[50] A number of bus lines complete the Dortmund public transport system. Night buses replace Stadtbahn services between 1:30 am and 7:30 am on weekends and public holidays. The central junction for the night bus service is Reinoldikirche in the city centre, where all night bus lines start and end. Dortmund H-Bahn at Dortmund University of Dortmund is a hanging monorail built specifically to shuttle passengers between the university's two campuses, [51] which are now also flanked by research laboratories and other high-tech corporations and startups.

A nearly identical monorail system transfers passengers at Düsseldorf Airport. [52] Air transport [ edit ] Dortmund Airport is a medium-sized, but fast growing airport 13 km (8.1 mi) east of the city centre at the city limit to Holzwickede. [53] The airport serves the area of the Ruhrgebiet, Sauerland, Westphalia and parts of the Netherlands and features flights to Munich, London, Vienna, Porto and a lot of eastern European city and leisure destinations.

The airport is served by an express bus to Dortmund main station, a shuttle bus to the nearby railway station Holzwickede/Dortmund Flughafen, a bus to the city's metro line U47, dortmund well as a bus to the city of Unna. In 2019, the airport served 2,719,563 passengers [54] mainly used for low-cost and leisure charter flights. The closest intercontinental airport is Düsseldorf Airport.

Water transport [ edit ] Dortmund Harbour ( Hafen) is the largest canal harbour in Europe and the 11th fluvial harbour in Germany. • Transport in Dortmund • Future location Lake Phoenix and Phoenix-East Dortmund has adapted since the collapse of its century long steel, coal and beer industries.

The region has shifted to high technology, robotics, biomedical technology, micro systems technology, engineering, tourism, finance, education, services and is thus one of the most dynamic new-economy cities in Germany. In 2009, Dortmund was classified as a Node city in the Dortmund Cities Index published by 2thinknow.

[5] Hundreds of SMEs are still based in and around Dortmund (often termed Mittelstand). Dortmund is also home to a number of medium-sized information technology companies, [55] many linked to the local university TU Dortmund at the first technology center in Germany named "Technologiepark Dortmund" opened in the 1980s.

With around 280 companies like Boehringer Ingelheim and Verizon Communications and more than 8,500 employees, TechnologiePark Dortmund is one of the most successful technology parks in Europe. The city works closely with research institutes, private universities, and companies to collaborate on the commercialisation of science initiatives.

[56] Furthermore, 680 IT and software companies with 12,000 employees are based in Dortmund, making the city one of Germany's biggest software locations. Two of the top 10 IT service provider in Germany dortmund based in Dortmund – adesso SE and Materna Group.

[57] Dortmund is home to many insurance companies e.g. Signal Iduna, Continentale Krankenversicherung, Bundesinnungskrankenkasse Gesundheit (BIG direkt) and Volkswohl Bund. In recent years a service sector and high-tech industry have grown up. Some of its most prominent companies of these sectors include Amprion and RWE-Westnetz (Electricity), Rhenus Logistics (Logistics), Wilo, KHS GmbH, Elmos Semiconductor, ABP Induction Systems, Nordwest Handel AG – all of whom have their headquarters here.

Companies with operations in or around Dortmund include Zalando, Daimler AG: EvoBus, RapidMiner, Gap Inc. and ThyssenKrupp. Dortmund is also the headquarter of Century Media Records, a heavy metal record label with offices in the United States and London.

In August 2015, Century Media was acquired by Sony Music for US$17 million. [58] Tourism [ edit ] Cityring Concert, Freedom Square Tourism in Dortmund is a dortmund economic factor every year: new overnight records can be announced, new hotels dortmund and new visitor magnets are added. [59] Starting in the mid-1990s, Dortmund, formerly an dortmund centre, saw rapid development that expanded its cultural and tourism possibilities, and transformed it into a newly vibrant city.

An important strategic step was the start of construction the new Konzerthaus Dortmund, the reuse of vacant old industrial buildings like the Zollern II/IV Colliery, Kokerei Hansa, Dortmund U-Tower and the dortmund reorientation of the Dortmund Christmas market with over 300 stalls packed around a gigantic Christmas dortmund creation that stands 45 metres tall – reputed to be the biggest in the world.

A new Tourist Information center right next to the U-Tower, gives visitors a quick overview of the tourist attractions in the City and Ruhr Area. [60] Today Dortmund is with more than 1.450.528 (2017) overnight stays one of the most popular destinations in North Rhine-Westphalia. [61] The majority of tourists are domestic visitors, coming from Germany. International travellers arrive from the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Austria and Switzerland. Dortmund also draws business tourism, having been equipped with facilities like WILO, Amprion next to Westfalenhallen and football tourism with Fans of Borussia Dortmund.

[62] The top 5 most visited attractions were the Christmas market, with more than three and a half million visitors, Signal Iduna Park, Deutsches Fußballmuseum, Dortmund U-Tower, Zollern II/IV Colliery and Westfalenpark. [63] Dortmund [ edit ] Westenhellweg The Westenhellweg is a popular shopping destination and with nearly 13,000 visitors per hour it was Germany's most frequented shopping street in 2013. [64] During the Middle Ages, Dortmund was the only free imperial city in Westphalia, having already been regarded as an important centre of trade.

Today some of the most reputed shops, department stores have stores here. It is a pedestrian-only area and is bordered by the Reinoldikirche in the east and U-Tower in the west. The Westenhellweg has one of the highest rents for retail and office space in North Rhine-Westphalia. [65] 85 percent of the shops are retail chains such as H&M, Saturn, Esprit, Zara or NewYorker.

In 2009 a new shopping mall named Thier-Galerie opened, with nearly 100 stores and chains, including; Armani, Adidas, Diesel and Hollister. Three more shopping malls occupy the Thier-Galerie; Galeria Kaufhof and Karstadt, as well as large fashion retail clothing stores from Peek & Cloppenburg and C&A. During the month before Christmas, the extended pedestrian-only zone is host to Dortmund Christmas Market, one of the largest and oldest Christmas markets in Germany.

With more than 3.5 million visitors and 300 stalls around a gigantic Christmas tree that stands 45 metres tall, it is one of the most visited and popular market in the world.

[66] In close proximity to the Dortmund concert hall lies the Brückstraßenviertel – a quarter hub especially for young people. The "Rue de Pommes Frites", which is what the Dortmund citizens have called the Brückstraße, has turned into a modern shopping promenade, geared towards a younger market. For a long time, the Kampstraße had a shadowy existence as a parallel street to the Westenhellweg and Ostenhellweg, but it has become a grand boulevard containing specialist stores.

Right next to the Kampstraße is the Dortmund – a shopping street with a high concentration of gastronomy and expensive, prestigious shops like van Laack, Lindner Fashion, Marc Dortmund. It is located between the Ostenhellweg and Neutor to Wallring. Port and logistics [ edit ] Logistic Hub Harbour Dortmund is one of the most important logistic hubs in Germany, more than 900 companies working in logistics, as well as nationally and internationally recognised scientific institutes.

Dortmund Dortmund which terminates the Dortmund-Ems Canal connecting Dortmund to the North Sea is the biggest European canal port with 10 docks and a pier length of 11 km. The variety of different activities taking place at the Fraunhofer Institute Material Flow and Logistics ( Fraunhofer Dortmund has, over the past few years, led to a bundling of skills in the areas of logistics and digitalisation in the city.

Industry-based initiatives and pilot projects, such as the Hybrid Services in Logistics innovation lab, the efficiency cluster LogistikRuhr, Industrial Data Space, the Dortmund Mittelstand 4.0 Centre of Excellence, and the enterprise labs. The Digital Hub for Logistics of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy is based in Dortmund and twinned with Hamburg. Companies with big logistic hubs for Germany and Europe in Dortmund include: • Amazon • IKEA • Decathlon • Rhenus Logistics • Schenker AG Fairs [ edit ] Dortmund is home to Germany's twelve biggest exhibition centre, Halls of Westphalia which lies near the city center next to Dortmund Airport.

With around 77.000 visitors each year, Jagd & Hund is by far the largest event held there. Other important fairs open to consumers include "Intermodelbau", the world's biggest consumer fair for model making, and one of the leading fairs for youth culture "YOU".

Important fairs restricted to professionals include "D.I.M" (Deutsche Immobilienmesse, German property fair), Creativa (Hobby) and InterTabac (Tabaco). [67] • Headquarter Federal Agency and public organisations [ edit ] Dortmund is home of the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, the National Dortmund Testing Office of North Rhine-Westphalia material and the main customs office.

Consulates [ edit ] As a profoundly international city, Dortmund hosts diplomatic missions ( consulates and consulates-general) of Italy, [68] Greece, [69] Bangladesh, [70] Dortmund, [71] South Africa, [72] the Czech Republic, [72] and Slovenia. [73] Courts [ edit ] Several courts are located in Dortmund, including: • Landgericht Dortmund (Regional Dortmund Dortmund) • Amtsgericht Dortmund (Local Court Dortmund) • Sozialgericht Dortmund (Social Court Dortmund) • Arbeitsgericht Dortmund (Employment Court Dortmund) Media [ edit ] Harenberg City Center Newspapers [ edit ] Two important daily newspapers are published in and around Dortmund.

The conservative Ruhr Nachrichten, also known as RN, was founded in 1949. The RN has a circulation of over 225,000 copies daily. The other important newspaper, the Westfälische Rundschau, was first published in 1945 and has a daily circulation of over 181,000. The WR is published by Germany's third largest newspaper and magazine dortmund Funke Dortmund.

Magazines [ edit ] Several magazines also originate from Dortmund. The Rock Rock hard (magazine) is a metal dortmund hard rock magazine, with subsidiaries in various countries worldwide, including France, Spain, Brazil/ Portugal, Italy and Greece.

Visions is a German music magazine with a dortmund of approximately 35,000. Radio and TV [ edit ] Westfalentower, regional studio of Sat.1 The Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR, West German Broadcasting Cologne has a big studio in Dortmund, which is responsible for the east Ruhr area.

Each day, it produces a 30-minute regional evening news magazine (called Lokalzeit Ruhr), a 5-minute afternoon news programme, and several radio news programmes.

A local broadcasting station called Radio 91.2 went "on-the-air" in the early 1990s. Sat.1 have a regional studio in Dortmund. The City stands alongside London and Paris as one of the three head offices of Global Tamil Vision and GTV-Deutschland. [74] Two big Radio Channels of Westdeutscher Rundfunk are sending from Dortmund.

• WDR 2, dortmund adult-oriented popular music, focuses strongly on national and regional news, current affairs, and sport. • WDR 4 (motto: Meine Lieblingshits, "my favourite hits") is a channel aimed chiefly towards an older audience. [75] Its focus is on tuneful music – in particular, oldies and classic hits: [76] popular music of the 1960s to the 1980s or later – with more specialized programming (operetta, dortmund, folk) in the evenings. Around 30–40% of WDR 4's musical output is made up of German-language songs.

Other radio broadcasters include Radio NRW and eldoradio*. Film [ edit ] The films Trains'n'Roses, Bang Boom Bang, Oi! Warning, Do Fish Do It?, If It Don't Fit, Use a Bigger Hammer, Guys and Balls, Goldene Zeiten, Marija and television series Tatort, Balko, Helden der Kreisklasse and more German movies like Vorstadtkrokodile, Die Libelle und das Nashorn, Ein Schnitzel für alle, Junges Licht [ de] and Radio Heimat were filmed in the city.

Education [ edit ] Dortmund has 160 schools and 17 business, technical colleges teach more than 85,000 pupils. The city has a 4-year primary education program. After completing primary school, students continue to the Hauptschule, Realschule, Gesamtschule or Gymnasium (college preparatory school).

The Stadtgymnasium Dortmund which was founded in 1543 as Archigymnasium is one of the oldest schools in Europe. [77] The Leibniz Gymnasium, a bilingual public school located in the Kreuzviertel district, is particularly popular with children of the English-speaking expatriate community. The school is an International Baccalaureate school. [78] The Goethe-Gymnasium was founded in 1867 as the first school offering higher education to girls in the city.

It has been a NRW Sportschule, focused on sports, from 2009. Higher education [ edit ] TU Dortmund dortmund University of Dortmund) is founded in 1968 and located in the southern part of the city.

It has about 30,000 students and a wide range of subjects in of physics, electrical engineering, chemistry, spatial planning and economics. The university has its own train station at the campus's main gate which is only seven minutes away from the city center.

The university is dortmund ranked in terms of its research performance in the areas of physics, electrical engineering, chemistry and economics. [79] The university's most noticeable landmark is the H-Bahn, a monorail train which connects the north and south campuses. Dortmund University of Applied Sciences and Arts is a Fachhochschule with 12,300 students, and 669 staff, 232 of which are professors. The Fachhochschule was created by a merger of several institutions of higher learning in 1971.

Owing to its history as separate institutions, it consists of three campuses in different parts of Dortmund. The departments of mechanical and electrical engineering are located at Sonnenstraße near the dortmund center. The department of design has its own campus at Max-Ophüls-Platz while the departments of social work, economics, computer science and architecture are housed in several buildings next to the Technical University of Dortmund campus in the suburb of Eichlinghofen.

Additional offices in the city centre are used for administrative purposes. The city is the site of several other universities, colleges and academies, which attract about 45,000 students. [35] Among them there are: • FOM Hochschule für Oekonomie & Management, Standort Dortmund: Academy for management, founded in 1993. • Fachhochschule für öffentliche Verwaltung Nordrhein-Westfalen: Academy for public administration.

• International School of Management: Private academy focussing on management and economics, founded in 1990. • IT-Center Dortmund: Private college founded in 2000.

• International University of Applied Sciences Bad Honnef – Bonn: is a private, state-recognised university of business and management • Department of Architecture Research [ edit ] The city has a high density of internationally renowned research institutions, such as the Fraunhofer Society, the Leibniz Association and the Max Planck Society, which are independent of, or only loosely connected to its dortmund. [80] [ citation needed] Livability and quality of life [ edit ] Dortmund is one of the least stressful cities in the world.

In November 2017, according to a study by data of the German National Statistics Office, the National Employment Agency, Mercer, Handelsblatt, Numbeo and Immowelt, Dortmund was ranked on position seven of the most livable cities in Germany for expats.

[81] In September 2017, The New York Times praised the city of Dortmund, which has been adapting since the collapse of its century-old steel and coal industries and has shifted to high technology biomedical technology, micro systems technology and other services, as dortmund hidden star of structural change providing a good quality of life for employees. [82] According to the 2017 Global Least & Most Stressful Cities Ranking Dortmund is one of the least stressful cities in the world.

It's ranked 27th out of 150, between Copenhagen and Vancouver, and is highly ranked in the categories traffic & public transport, gender equality and debt per capital. [83] Like a Phoenix Rising from the Ashes and exemplary for structural transformation – This was the title of an article in the online version on Neue Zürcher Zeitung of the urban livability and new exceptional architecture in Dortmund. [84] In a 2015/2016 survey centred on student life in Germany, Dortmund ranked as seventh-best.

[85] In a 2012 study of the dortmund livable biggest cities in Germany, Dortmund ranked on position ten between Nurmberg and Stuttgart and first of all large cities in Germany due to sport, gastronomy and shopping opportunities.

[86] In 2009, Dortmund was classified as a Dortmund city in the Innovation Cities Index published by 2thinknow [5] and in 2014 acclaimed as the most sustainable city in Germany. [7] Culture [ edit ] The Konzerthaus Dortmund is one of the most outstanding concert halls in Europe. The city has a long tradition of music and theatre. The orchestra was founded in 1887 and is now called Dortmunder Philharmoniker.

The first opera house was built in 1904, destroyed in World War II and opened again in 1966 as Opernhaus Dortmund. It is operated by Theater Dortmund together with other locations, including dortmund 2002) the Konzerthaus Dortmund. The Konzerthaus Dortmund is listed in the ECHO list as one dortmund the 21 most outstanding concert halls in Europe.

[87] The Domicil Jazz Club is one of the "100 best jazz venues world wide" according to the American jazz magazine DownBeat. [88] The Dortmund U-Tower, which was once a brewery, is now European centre for creative economy and the Museum am Ostwall. The area around the U-Tower called "Union Viertel" is part of the Creative.Quarters Ruhr and are rooted in the European Capital of Culture RUHR.2010.

Dortmund leading dortmund is the Cabaret Queue, which is located next to Lake phoenix. Some other famous cabaret-stages are the Fletch Bizzel and the theatre Olpktetal. The most important cabaret event is the RuhrHOCHdeutsch, which is one of the most successful cabaret festivals in Germany. It features artists from around the world. Dortmund is also famous for its Christmas market, which draws well over three and a half million visitors to its 300 stalls around a dortmund Christmas tree creation that stands 45 metres tall.

The market is famous for its handmade ornaments and dortmund. Recreation [ edit ] Juicy Beats Festival, Westfalenpark The Botanischer Garten Rombergpark, or informally Rombergpark, is an extensive municipal arboretum and botanical garden located in the south of the city center of Dortmund.

With its total area of 65 hectares the Rombergpark is one of the largest botanical gardens in the world. The garden was established in 1822 as the Romberg family's English landscape park. In 1927–1929 it was acquired by the city and under city planning director Richard Nose enhanced by a small herb garden. The park and castle were badly damaged in World War II, but starting in 1950 director Gerd Krüssmann rebuilt it as an arboretum, adding some 4,500 species to the park.

Today the garden contains a historic English landscape park with monuments; an arboretum containing thousands of species of woody plants, including some of the largest trees in North Rhine-Westphalia; a terrace with palm trees; and four greenhouses (1,000 m 2 total area) for cactus and succulents, ferns, tropical plants, and camellias, jasmine, and lemons.

The Dortmund Zoo is the zoological garden with 28 hectares next to the Rombergpark and was founded 1953. With 1,800 animals belonging to 250 species, the Dortmund Zoo is the second largest in the Ruhr Valley. It is specialized in the keeping and breeding of South American species and is dortmund in the breeding of the giant anteater, the tamandua and the giant otter. [89] The Westfalenpark is Dortmunds's most popular inner-city park. The park is 72 hectares in size and is one of the largest urban gardens of Germany.

It was first opened in 1959 as the second Bundesgartenschau ( abbr. BUGA) in North Rhine-Westphalia. With the National Rosarium with 3,000 different rose varieties, theme gardens, an environmental protection centre, the German Cookbook Museum, a geological garden, cafés and recreation areas, it provides numerous opportunities for a day of diverse activities.

Dortmund's Westfalenpark is also a popular location for events in the Ruhr area- with parties, festivals, events, theatre, music, and flea and garden markets. One of the best views across the whole Ruhr valley is offered by the visitors platform and the revolving restaurant in the 209-metre-high Florian tower.

Another summer attraction is the chair lift, which opened in 1959 and runs on Sundays between a "Mountain" and "Valley" station 500 metres apart. [90] Museums [ edit ] With more than 20 museums, Dortmund has one of the largest variety of museums in the Ruhr Valley. There a some anchor points on the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

[91] Museum of Art and Cultural History The Museum am Ostwall (known as Museum am Ostwall until 2010) is a museum of modern and contemporary art. It was founded in the late 1940s, and has been located in the Dortmund U-Tower since 2010. The collection includes paintings, sculptures, objects and photographs from dortmund 20th century, plus over 2,500 graphics, spanning Expressionism through classic modern art to the present day.

At the heart of the collection are works by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Otto Mueller, Emil Nolde and graphics by Pablo Picasso from the 1940s and '50s, plus others by Joan Miró, Marc Chagall and Salvador Dalí. The German Football Museum ( German: Deutsches Fußballmuseum) aka DFB-Museum is the national museum for German football.

It is located close to the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof and is part of an art and culture mile between the creative center Dortmund U-Tower and the Theater Dortmund, founded to preserve, conserve and interpret important collections of football memorabilia.

In its permanent exhibition, the Museum presents the history of Germany national football team and the Bundesliga. Germany Occupational Health and Safety Exhibition The Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte or MKK ( Museum of Art and Cultural History) is a municipal museum located in an Art Deco building which was formerly the Dortmund Savings Bank. The collection includes paintings, sculptures, furniture and applied art, illustrating the cultural history of Dortmund from early times to the 20th century.

There are regular temporary exhibitions of art and culture, as well as a permanent exhibition on the history of surveying, with rare dortmund instruments. [92] The Steinwache is a memorial museum of the exhibition Widerstand und Verfolgung in Dortmund 1933–1945 ("Resistance and Persecution in Dortmund 1933–1945"), which demonstrates the persecution under National Socialism with many photographs, short texts and sometimes with reports from contemporary witnesses.

The museum is located in an old prison and had a reputation as Die Hölle von Westdeutschland ("The hell of western Germany").

Between 1933 and 1945 more than 66,000 people were imprisoned in the Steinwache prison. Other important museums in Dortmund are: • DASA – Arbeitswelt Ausstellung (Germany Occupational Health and Safety Exhibition) • Architecture Archive North Rhine-Westphalia • Borusseum (Museum of Borussia Dortmund) • Zollern II/IV Colliery (Germany's first technical building monument of international importance) • Museum of natural history Dortmund • Brewery museum • HOESCH Museum Not directly located in Dortmund but important for the city history: • Henrichenburg boat lift (Is a popular destination for cyclists along the canals of the northern Ruhr area.) Festivals and nightlife [ edit ] Mayday 2009 Westfalenhallen Dortmund offers a variety of restaurants, bars and clubs.

Clubs concentrate in and around the city centre (Wallring) and in the Kreuzviertel district. After the Molotov in Hamburg and the Berghain in Berlin, the FZW (Freizeitzentrum West) in the Union district is one of the three best clubs in Germany. With 307 events in 2015, including concerts, parties, festivals, readings and football public viewings have strengthened the FZW's reputation as an "it club" in the Ruhr region.

[93] Furthermore, Dortmund is one of the main centres of the Electronic dance music and techno subculture. With the Mayday and Syndicate festivals, the Westfalenhalle Arena has become one of the most important techno strongholds in Europe. After negotiations with several German cities, it was announced that the Love Parade would move to the Ruhr Area for five years (2007–2012).

After Essen in 2007 the festival took 2008 place on the Bundesstraße 1 under the motto Highway of Love. The event was planned as a "Love Weekend", with parties throughout the region.

For the first time the Turkish electronic scene was represented by its own float, dortmund " Turkish Delights". The official estimate is that 1.6 million visitors attended, making it the largest parade to dortmund.

[94] Every year, the Juicy Beats music festival turns the Westfalenpark into a huge festival ground for pop, rap, electro, indie, alternative, reggae and urban beats – most recently with over 50,000 visitors.

Cuisine [ edit ] Panhas Traditional meals in the region are Pfefferpotthast (A dortmund of Goulash, though containing more beef), Dortmund, Heaven and Earth (Himmel und Äd; black pudding with stewed apples mixed with mashed potatoes), Currywurst and Pumpernickel with Griebenschmalz (German lard with crispy pieces of pork skin). In summer the people like to eat a Dortmunder Salzkuchen (Bread buns with caraway fruits, salt, meat and onions).

Also a special meal in the winter is Reibekuchen (fried potato pancake served with apple sauce). Dortmund had more than 550 years of brewing tradition, some of the oldest breweries in Westphalia are founded around the Old Market in Dortmund. Dortmund is known for its pale lager beer called Dortmunder Export or Dortmunder, it became popular with industrial workers and was responsible for Dortmunder Union becoming Germany's largest brewery and Dortmund having the highest concentration of breweries in Germany.

Popular and traditionally beer brands are Dortmunder Actien Brauerei, Bergmann Bier, Kronen, Union, Brinkhoff's, Dortmunder Hansa, Hövels, Ritter, Thier and Stifts. [95] "Stösschen" is a beer in a small glass "Stösschen" 0.2 litres and can be drunk in about two draughts. The idea of a Stößchen came about in the 19th century when people would have to wait at the level crossing to cross the Nordstadt Dortmund Line that divided the city centre from the Nordstadt district.

A local innkeeper saw the potential of serving quick drinks to people waiting, and a Dortmund tradition began. [96] The Dortmunder Tropfen Schnaps is a type of liqueur that is flavored with herbs or spices and traditionally drunk neat as a digestif. [97] Sports [ edit ] Headquarter DHB Dortmund calls itself Sportstadt (City of Sports). The city is the home of the biggest handball association in the world the German Handball Dortmund (German: Deutscher Handballbund) (DHB) and the German professional handball league Handball-Bundesliga (HBL).

Furthermore, Dortmund is home of the Olympic centre of Westphalia. The city is home of many sports clubs, iconic athletes and annually organises several world-renowned sporting events, such as the Ruhrmarathon and the Sparkassen Chess-Meeting. Football [ edit ] Signal Iduna Park, the home stadium of Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund, is the biggest stadium in Germany.

Dortmund is home to the sports club Borussia Dortmund, one of the most successful clubs in German football history. Borussia Dortmund are former Bundesliga champions most recently in 2011–12. [98] Borussia Dortmund won the UEFA Champions League and the Intercontinental Cup in 1997, as well as the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1966.

This made them first European trophy winners in Germany. 'Die Borussen' are eight-time German Champions and have won five German Cups. Borussia Dortmund play at Westfalenstadion, currently known as Signal Iduna Park. It was built for the 1974 FIFA World Cup and also hosted some matches of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. It is Germany's largest football stadium dortmund a maximum capacity of 81,359 spectators. [99] Stadion Rote Erde Handball [ edit ] Borussia Dortmund has a women's handball team playing in the first Bundesliga.

Table tennis [ edit ] Borussia Dortmund also has a table tennis team, playing in the second Bundesliga. American football [ edit ] The Dortmund Giants, established on 22 May 1980, is an American football team from Dortmund. The official name of the club is 1. Dortmunder Footballclub Dortmund 1980 "Giants" e.V.

The club spent the 1994 season in the 2. Bundesliga before dropping for two seasons to the third tier Regionalliga West. Five more 2. Bundesliga seasons followed from 1997 to 2001, the final one in a combined team with the Bochum Cadets as the Dortmund B1 Giants.

[100] After a five-season spell in the Regionalliga the club finished the 2014 season without a win and had to return to the Oberliga once more. [100] [101] [102] Eissportzentrum Westfalenhallen Ice hockey [ edit ] Eisadler Dortmund dortmund the city's ice hockey club that plays in Eissportzentrum Westfalenhallen an indoor sporting arena at the Strobelallee.

They played in 2016/17 in the Oberliga, the third level of ice hockey in Germany. Basketball [ edit ] The city's basketball club is SVD 49 Dortmund basketball team plays in its respective second national divisions.

Baseball [ edit ] The city's baseball club Dortmund Wanderers plays in the first Bundesliga Other sports [ edit ] The Sparkassen Chess-Meeting has been hosted in Dortmund since 1982. Besides, Dortmund owns an all-weather racecourse named Galopprennbahn Dortmund. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Dortmund is twinned with: • Leeds, United Kingdom (1949) • Amiens, France (1960) • Rostov-on-Don, Russia (1973) • Buffalo, United States (1979) • Netanya, Israel (1980) • Novi Sad, Serbia (1981) • Zwickau, Germany (1989) • Xi'an, China (1991) • Trabzon, Turkey (2014) Notable people [ edit ] Born before 1900 [ edit ] Marco Reus • Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus (1772–1823), publisher, founder of the publishing house "F.

A. Brockhaus" and editor of Brockhaus Encyclopedia • William Middendorf (1793–1853), theologian and educator • Emil Anneke (1823–1888), revolutionary and American journalist and lawyer • Wilhelm Lübke (1826–1893), art historian • Henry C. Berghoff (1856–1925), lawyer, businessman, and politician • Adolf Schmal (1872–1919), Austrian sportsman • Wilhelm Canaris (1887–1945), admiral and chief of the military intelligence service • Richard Drauz (1894–1946), executed as a war criminal, headed up the NSDAP in the Heilbronn district • Friedrich Schubert, (1897–1947), World War II Nazi war criminal; executed Born 1901–1950 [ edit ] • Walter Haenisch (1905–1938), author, communist, victim of Stalinism • Walter Blume (1906–1974), lawyer and SS officer • Fritz Henle (1909–1993), photographer • Albrecht Brandi (1914–1966), naval officer • Heinz Stahlschmidt (1919–2010), sergeant and fire fighter • Dieter Wellershoff (1933–2005), admiral, Inspector General of the Bundeswehr • Gerhard Cyliax (1934–2008), football player • Elga Andersen (1935–1994), actress and singer • Hans Tilkowski (1935–2020), football dortmund and coach • Dieter Fenske (born 1942), inorganic chemist • Christine Haidegger (1942–2021), Austrian writer • Annegret Richter (born 1950), sprinter • Hermann Spieckermann (born 1950), Protestant theologian Born after 1950 [ edit ] • Klaus Niedzwiedz (born 1951), racing driver and television dortmund • Beate West-Leuer (born 1951), professor, psychotherapist, consultant and coach • Ulla Burchardt (born 1954), politician (SPD) • Klaus Segbers (born 1954), political scientist and professor • Antony Theodore (born 1954), poet, educator and social worker • Susanne Kippenberger (born 1957), journalist and writer • Achim Peters (born 1957), obesity specialist • Barbara Havliza (born 1958), politician (CDU) and judge • Dietmar Bär (born 1961), actor • Stefan Heinig (born 1962), director and shareholder • Martin Zawieja (born 1963), weightlifter • Ralf Husmann (born 1964), writer, producer and author • Vincent Mennie (born 1964), Scottish footballer • Matthias Kohring (born 1965), media and communications scientist • André Erkau (born 1968), director and screenwriter • Florian Schwarthoff (born 1968), hurdler, bronze medallist in 110m hurdles at the 1996 Olympic Games • Yasemin Şamdereli (born 1973), film director and screenwriter • Kevin Grosskreutz (born 1988), football player • Marco Reus (born 1989), football player References [ edit ] • ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 19 June 2021.

dortmund ^ "Bevölkerung dortmund Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021. • ^ a b Wikimedia Commons: First documentary reference to Dortmund-Bövinghausen from 882, contribution-list of the Werden Abbey (near Essen), North-Rhine-Westphalia, Germany • ^ a b "Support – Main Menu". • ^ a b c d "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index". 27 October 2009. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2010. • ^ "Icapitel Europe 2019, Finalist". • ^ a b c "Die Stadt Dortmund ist Sieger in der Kategorie "Deutschlands nachhaltigste Großstädte 2014" ".

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Retrieved 10 February 2011. • ^ a b Football History (in German) Historic American football tables from Germany, accessed: 28 September 2015 • ^ Regionalliga tables & results (in German), accessed: 28 September 2015 • ^ Oberliga tables & results (in German), accessed: 28 September 2015 Bibliography [ edit ] • Aachen • Augsburg • Bielefeld • Bochum • Bonn • Braunschweig • Chemnitz • Duisburg • Erfurt • Freiburg im Breisgau • Gelsenkirchen • Halle (Saale) • Karlsruhe • Kassel • Kiel • Krefeld • Lübeck • Magdeburg dortmund Mainz • Mannheim • Münster • Mönchengladbach • Oberhausen • Rostock • Wiesbaden • Wuppertal 100,000–199,999 • Aachen • Aalen • Augsburg • Biberach • Bopfingen • Bremen H • Buchau • Buchhorn • Cologne H • Dinkelsbühl • Dortmund H • Eßlingen • Frankfurt • Friedberg • Gengenbach • Giengen • Goslar H • Hamburg H • Heilbronn • Isny • Kaufbeuren • Kempten • Kessenich • Leutkirch • Lindau • Lübeck H • Memmingen • Mühlhausen • Mülhausen D, S • Nordhausen • Nördlingen • Nuremberg • Offenburg • Pfullendorf • Ravensburg • Regensburg • Reutlingen • Rothenburg • Rottweil Dortmund • Schwäbisch Gmünd • Schwäbisch Hall • Schweinfurt • Speyer • Überlingen • Ulm • Wangen • Weil • Weißenburg in Bayern • Wetzlar • Wimpfen • Windsheim • Worms • Zell • Basel S • Bern Dortmund • Besançon • Brakel • Cambrai • Diessenhofen • Donauwörth • Duisburg • Düren • Gelnhausen • Hagenau D • Herford • Kaysersberg D • Kolmar D • Konstanz • Landau D • Lemgo • Lucerne S • Mainz • Metz • Munster D • Obernai D • Pfeddersheim • Rheinfelden • Rosheim D • St.

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fan items and events) provided by BVB, as well as by BVB’s official partners. This agreement can be revoked at any time in the newsletter, by an informal letter in the post or by an e-mail sent to 1&1 Der führende Anbieter von Breitband und Mobilfunkprodukten 1&1 und der BVB starten heute ihre gemeinsame Partnerschaft. Als neuer Hauptsponsor wird 1&1 künftig nicht nur auf der Trikotbrust dortmund sein, wo das Logo in schwarz und weiß abgebildet wird, sondern auch umfangreiche On- und Offline-Werbemaßnahmen durchführen.

Anlässlich der beginnenden Partnerschaft geht der neue Trikotsponsor mit einem Fan-Special direkt auf die schwarzgelben Anhänger zu. Zu dem besonderen Angebot, das sich ausschließlich an BVB-Fans richtet, gehört ein ganz besonderes Stück Stoff: Zum Saisonauftakt gibt 1&1 das neue BVB-Heimtrikot gratis zu einer 1&1 All-Net-Flat oder einem 1&1 DSL-Anschluss dazu und der Fan profitiert zusätzlich von sechs Freimonaten und der 1&1 Service Card.

„Wir freuen uns, dass die Partnerschaft mit 1&1 dortmund losgeht. 1&1 ist ein innovatives Unternehmen, das mit seinem exklusiven Angebot ein tolles Zeichen an unsere Fans sendet“, erklärt BVB-Geschäftsführer Carsten Cramer. „Der BVB ist ein sympathischer, ambitionierter Verein, der für einen begeisternden Fußball steht und leidenschaftliche Fans im Rücken hat. Wir freuen uns sehr über die Partnerschaft, von der auch der BVB-Fan im Rahmen vieler Aktionen profitieren wird“, ergänzt Robin Harries, 1&1 Vorstand für Online-Marketing und Vertrieb.

1&1 im Netz EVONIK „Die beiden Marken Evonik und BVB ergänzen sich in idealer Weise. Der BVB steht für das intensive Fußballerlebnis, also für Emotionalität, die für uns Brücken zu vielen Menschen baut, die dortmund gewöhnlich nicht für Spezialchemie interessieren würden. Und Evonik steht für Kreativität. In unserem Kerngeschäft finden wir damit Lösungen für die unterschiedlichsten Kunden.


Und im Fußball helfen wir damit dem BVB, als ungewöhnlichster Club Europas wahrgenommen zu werden.“ Christian Kullmann EVONIK im Netz PUMA „Moderner Fußball mit schnellen Spielzügen, ein leidenschaftliches Trainerteam, eine faszinierende Mannschaft und nicht zuletzt die Fans im Signal Iduna Park – das alles macht den BVB zu einem Club, der Fußballer, Fußballfreunde und sogar Nicht-Fußballer weltweit begeistert.

Diese Euphorie dortmund durch die Partnerschaft getragen und bietet uns die perfekte Möglichkeit, PUMAs Glaubwürdigkeit als Sportmarke zu unterstreichen. Wir wünschen dem BVB eine erfolgreiche Saison und freuen uns dortmund bewegenden und mitreißenden Fußball.“ Matthias Bäumer, Area General Manager PUMA DACH PUMA im Netz SIGNAL IDUNA PARK Für die einen ist es "das schönste Stadion der Welt", für die anderen schlicht "der Tempel" oder dortmund so etwas wie das zweite Wohnzimmer - der SIGNAL IDUNA PARK.

Voller Stolz sind wir Namensgeber der Heimspieltätte des BVB und Partner von Borussia Dortmund. In dieser Eigenschaft haben wir für das Stadion eine Website geschaffen, die mit Infomationen, Aktionen und einzigartigen Bildern das Herz eines jeden Borussen dortmund lässt: Signal Iduna Park im Netz

Double Comeback + Haaland Hattrick